Contemporary Social Problems Week 7
Contemporary Social Problems Week 7 SO 1103
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Kushla on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Laura Jean Kerr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Social Problems in Sociology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Chapter 2: Physical and Mental Health and Health Care Week 7 9/26/16 Mental Illness: The Hidden Epidemic Mental Health – the successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and the ability to adapt to change and to cope with adversity Mental Illness – having any mental disorders characterized by sustained patterns of abnormal thinking, mood, or behaviors that are accompanied by significant distress and/or impairment in daily functioning. The High Cost of Health Care – Inadequate Mental Health Care - The fragmented system of mental health care leaves many people with mental health problems to fall through the cracks Extent and Impact of Mental Illness - 1 in 5 U.S. adults experience mental illness - 1 in 20 had a serious mental illness - Ages 4 to 17: 15% experience serious emotional or behavioral difficulties - Adolescence, ages 12 to 17: 8% experience serious emotional or behavioral difficulties Stigmas surrounding mental illness is partly due to misconceptions: - Caused by personal weakness - Results from engaging in immoral behavior Scientific and medical explanations of mental illness focus on: - Genetics - Neurological Conditions - Social and Environmental Influences o Poverty o Relationship Abuse o Death of a loved one o War o Natural Disasters Untreated mental disorders can lead to: - Poor educational achievement - Lost productivity - Unsuccessful relationships - Significant distress - Violence and abuse - Incarceration - Poverty Structural-Functionalism - Health care is an institution that maintains well-being society by caring for members of society - Changes in society can affect health - Latent dysfunctional of social patterns or behavior Conflict - Wealth, status, and power influence levels or quality of healthcare - Groups or corporations can influence health-related policy and laws Symbolic Interactionism - Meanings, definitions, and labels influence health, illness, and healthcare - Medicalization: defining or labeling behaviors and conditions as medical problems - Stigma: personal characteristic associated with rejection or discrediting Medicalization is defining or labeling behaviors and conditions as medical problems - A new phenomena defined as a medical problem in need of medical intervention such as PTSD and ADHD - Normal conditions that are defined as medical problems such as childbirth, menopause, and death