ANT 304, Week 1 08-29-16 Notes
ANT 304, Week 1 08-29-16 Notes ANT 304
Popular in Intro to Archaeol STDS: Prehistory
Popular in Archaeology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zeba Khetani on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by F, Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro to Archaeol STDS: Prehistory in Archaeology at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
08-29-16 ANT 304 1. Archaeology- a. Systematic study of humanity in the past b. The study of past human behavior c. The study of rubbish (looking at trash/remains of the past) 2. Archaeology in movies- search for mystery and of things unexplained, treasure - very unreal 3. Modern humans (very young) have a common ancestry so there’s no Europeans and Mexicans, us and them, we all have the same roots making it all US 4. Museums, tourists: Mexico- pyramids, Peru- Machu Picchu, England- Stonehenge a. Gift shops- own replicas of mementos of the past b. Collectors (art dealers)- want the original mementos of the past i. Consider themselves archaeologists sometimes ii. Comes from belief of our ancestors- buried with necklaces iii. To remove the artifacts is an irreversible act iiii. Robbed from the history of the artifact because CONTEXT is not recorded 1. Context- where does it occur in the ground, what was it with, when was it put there v. Fundamental desire to collect, showcase: competitive, passion vi. Artifacts- inventory of the past items is limited 5. Prehistory- human history before we have written documents 6. Types of archaeologists a. Classical- Study ancient Greeks, ancient Romans i. Look at past to understand social concerns, economy, & how it shaped modern society b. Historical- study recent past, since we have writing i. 1% (5000 years) of humans as we know them ii. Pottery, uniform buttons, weapons iii. They supplement historical documents 1. HIPP c. Underwater- deep, shallow i. Limited study b/c air pressure underwater, come up every few minutes d. Prehistoric- goes back to earliest identiﬁed humans to modern humans, 99% of human history i. Specialists- origin in agriculture of all of prehistoric archaeology 7. College Class study: collecting & sorting modern trash- practicing archaeology ****Side note: Aliens are unfortunate stance- stuff we think is too sophisticated for the people of the time Thomas Jefferson- ﬁrst North American archaeological excavation on his property- gave less credit to the humans of time before, credit given to other entity (aliens) 2 2
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