ANT 304, Week 2 09-07-16 Notes
ANT 304, Week 2 09-07-16 Notes ANT 304
Popular in Intro to Archaeol STDS: Prehistory
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zeba Khetani on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by F, Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Archaeol STDS: Prehistory in Archaeology at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
09-07-16 ANT 304 1. Everyone lives in a cultural context a. Veriﬁed by various labels: middle class American i. With which we associate certain characteristics: burgers & fries b. Generalized notions: stereotypes- vague (don’t apply to everyone) 2. Human culture is unique a. Its content is transferred from generation to generation by complex communication b. We are the only animals to use culture as the primary means of adapting to our (social/physical) environment i. Polar bears grow fur for the winter, while we have to make our own fur coats 3. Culture can be subdivided into language, religion, etc. which are all interactive a. Culture- all of knowledge, all of belief; everything you acquire as a human being b. Many factors are perishable- disappearing quickly: language, religious beliefs c. We are left w/ tangible remains- bones, tools i. These are severely damaged or changed ii. They are NOT a part of culture, but are a patterned reﬂection of the cultures that produced them 4. Every cultural system is in a constant state of change. a. Daily changes: variations of ideas that are introduced b. We tend to see them over long periods of time c. A patterned sequence of events 5. Most changes in human culture have been cumulative and occur over time 6. Process-A patterned sequence of events from beginning to end 7. Artifacts- humanly made items a. Forms archaeological record, the archive of human history- incomplete b. Found by survey or excavation i. Study sites and the individual artifacts 8. Site formation processes- what happened to a site after it was abandoned 9. Archeological site- a place where traces of human activity are found a. Classiﬁed by the type of activity that took place there i. Habitation site- cooking ii. Kill site- animals were hunted/killed iii. Quarry site- stone or metals are mined iiii. Religious site v. Art site 10. Everything at a site has a relationship to each other in time and space a. That relationship is the most vital part, THE CONTEXT b. The artifact is worthless without its context i. Becomes a mere object c. Each object has a time relation to other objects i. Relative chronology- you know the order of things but you don’t know the speciﬁc time in between those things ii. Ex. Building came in, cement ﬂoor, carpet, chairs 1. These things came one after the other but were they all placed in a day, a week between each….? 11. Precise time measurement is a recent acquisition of society placed in a day, a week between each….? 11. Precise time measurement is a recent acquisition of society a. Before --- BC, we enter a chronological vacuum i. This society existed in 200 BC give or take 100 years *************TEST************* 1. Chapter 1 a. Pages 3-5, 10-11, 16-21, 28-32 2. Chapter 2 a. 37-39, 41-43, 48-50 3. Chapter 3 a. 62-63, 66, 72-75, 80, 88-89 4. Chapter 4 a. 101-104, 106-109, 112-115, 117, 121 2
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