ANT 304, Week 5 09-21-16 Notes
ANT 304, Week 5 09-21-16 Notes ANT 304
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zeba Khetani on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by F, Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to Archaeol STDS: Prehistory in Archaeology at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
09-21-16 ANT 304 Paleoindians 1. Earliest Native Americans in the new world (from somewhere in the old world) 2. Siberian route (land bridge to Alaska- Bering Strait/Land Bridge) 3. How long ago did they settle in America? a. 100,00 years ago- radical b. 40,000 years ago- nonexistent evidence c. 2 Competing hypotheses: i. Pre-Clovis- Americas were colonized by modern humans ~40,000 years ago ii. Clovis- people came to the new world ~15,000 years ago d. Past 15,000 years ago- evidence is usually contaminated and/or unidentiﬁable b/c of its age e. Evidence- sites, location of sites, what is found in sites 4. How did they make their livelihood? a. Paleoindians known as big game hunters- primary subsistence i. Hunted mammoth, mastodon, bison b. Also ate veggies, hunted small animals 5. What is the ultimate ancestry of the ﬁrst Native Americans? a. Christy Turner- started to look at the biological similarities with Siberians and people in North America i. Looked at dental features- Sinodonty 1. Only in Northern Asia and the Americas 2. Shovel shaped incisors- stronger than our ﬂat ones ii. 4,000 people iii. Conclusion: ﬁrst population moved out of Siberia to new world ~14,000 years ago 6. North America- Meadowcroft, Pennsylvania 7. South America- Monte Verde, Chile 8. Clovis culture- a distinctive culture across North America, 11,500-11,000 years ago a. Distinctive spear point- lanceolate in shape, parallel ﬂaking, wrapped in cordage to attach to shaft which attaches to spear; reusable b. Atlatl- spear thrower: further, greater accuracy, double the length, greater strength 2
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