Criminology Week 4 Notes
Criminology Week 4 Notes Soci 288
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Kopriva on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soci 288 at Northern Illinois University taught by Michael Ezell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Lifestyle/Routine Activities Theory Why do some people and places experience more criminal victimization? What are the basic elements necessary? Function of three elements (risk of victimization) o Presence of motivated/likely offenders o Presence of attractive target o Absence of capable guardian(s) Routine activities: Recurrent and prevalent activities which provide for basic population/individual needs o Work o Education o Sexual outlet o Leisure o Social interaction Key Insights o Special focus on targets and guardians o Convergence of the 3 elements is variable across time and space Location, type, and quantity of illegal acts can change With number of the quality of targets With changing routine activities (changes guardianship) Without changes in offender motivation Deviant Lifestyles and Victimization Higher by committing crimes themselves o Drug dealers have high rates of victimization o Gang members More violent members have higher victimization rates Physical Proximity and Victimization o Hot spots have higher rates Bars Taverns Strip clubs Repeat victimization o Those that have been victimized are more likely to be victimized again Social and behavioral consequences o Very strong effects in neighborhoods o Trust goes down as crime rates go up Victims and Criminal Case Outcomes o Bad victims and good victims Likeliness of prosecution if you are a “bad victim” (e.g. history of violent behavior) no one wants to help you “You brought this on yourself” attitude Victimization by white collar crimes o Same affects as violent crimes (psychological) o Less likely to be reported to the police
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