HY 314 week 6 notes
HY 314 week 6 notes HY 314
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Miller on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 314 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Lawrence Kohl in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Coming of the Civil War in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Week 6 Notes 9/28/16 1836-1844 Election of 1836 o Andrew Jackson basically selects his successor, Martin Van Buren o Whigs don’t have one clear candidate so they put up several different ones who will be popular in different parts of the country One slaveholder from TN Daniel Webster from New England William Henry Harrison who’s popular in the West Idea was to prevent Van Buren from getting majority of electoral votes and send the decision to the House of Representatives Doesn’t work and Van Buren wins o Economic hardships dog Van Buren’s presidency Whigs blame Andrew Jackson’s policies Election of 1840 o Whigs nominate William Henry Harrison Intelligent, dignified man Fought Indians at Tippecanoe Log cabin/hard cider campaign Democrats tried to make him out as a backwoods hick but the Whigs latched onto it and turned it around to show that he represented the common man o Whigs were seen as kind of elitist o Made the people think he was one of them Created excitement and party loyalty but the issues were the core of what people voted on o Every time (since 1830s) there has been economic downturn, the sitting president has been turned out People blamed Jacksonian policies for economic condition o 80% of electorate turned out to vote th Pretty much holds up through the 19 century Competitive nature of politics Football analogy all people care about is who’s going to win At this time, Democrats and Whigs were very evenly balanced and elections were very close o When elections are close, people are more likely to vote Politics was entertaining, didn’t have shit to do like football or other fun stuff o Whigs do really well, but Harrison didn’t wear a coat at his inauguration, caught a cold and died Probably had typhoid but I like the story about not wearing a coat more John Tyler became president Constitution isn’t clear if they’re just the acting president or actually the president He declared that he was THE president Only reason he was vice president in the first place was to balance the ticket because he was a southerner No president had ever died in office before so nobody really cared/worried about who Tyler was/what his ideals were Jet wheels’ analogy o All of a sudden he was somebody; 0 500 mph Tyler had joined the Whig party in 1830s purely out of hatred for Andrew Jackson and his handling of the Nullification Crisis o Against Jackson didn’t mean for the Whigs Whig efforts Henry Clay steps up thinking he’s going to get things done now that the Whigs control Congress and the White House Make an effort to create a new 3 National Bank of the United States o Tyler vetoes it Whigs were formed because of Jackson’s use of the veto so they were shocked o Revise the bill and submit it again Tyler vetoes again Whigs are now in an all-out war with their own president Tyler’s whole cabinet resigns (except Daniel Webster but he does, too, later) Whigs try to raise the tariff and Tyler vetoes it o No love between the Whigs and John Tyler o Whigs already gearing up for the 1844 election so they could replace Tyler with a real Whig, Henry Clay o Daniel Webster At the time, he was just so commanding and impressive as a person Webster-Ashburn Treaty, 1842 Clarifies border of Maine and New Brunswick and the future border of the state of Minnesota Texas o Tyler wanted more of the presidency so he needed something to be known for that would rally support behind him, he chose to take on the annexation of Texas o Frontier area and far from Mexico City Mexico tries to attract Americans to come settle in Texas Idea is that they will provide civilization and order Settlers want Mexican government to provide for them but they don’t so the settlers decide to revolt with the goal of independence in order to be annexed by the US o Rise up and eventually gain independence from Santa Anna 1836, ask US to annex them o Acquisition of Texas will exacerbate the abolitionist and slavery problem Worry over how much territory Texas really was and how many states it would become, all being slave states Spread slavery and gain power in the Senate for the slave states o So Texas goes on being an independent republic for a few years o Tyler revives the issues because he believes sectional issues have died down by now
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