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ANS 121 - Week 1 - 9/28

by: Katherine Murdock

ANS 121 - Week 1 - 9/28 ANS 121

Katherine Murdock

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About this Document

These notes continue on the History of Beef Cattle
Intro to Animal Sciences
James C. Hermes
Class Notes
Animal Science, Beef Cattle
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katherine Murdock on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANS 121 at Oregon State University taught by James C. Hermes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to Animal Sciences in Animal Science at Oregon State University.


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Date Created: 09/28/16
ANS 121 (9/28) Today: Beef Cattle (No Labs) Friday: Beef Cattle (Quiz #1) Monday: Dairy Tuesday: Beef Labs Aurochs (Primary) Celtic Ox (branched off, secondary) Originally used in bull fighting in rome Aurochs were domesticated and somehow tamed to become cattle History (Cont.) – Second species – Bos Indicus (Indian type Cattle) – Found in Asia – Humped Tropical Cattle – No Wild Ancestors – Resistant – Heat – Disease – Parasites – Cattle are classified with others – Taxonomic Family - Bovine (Bovidae) – Typically found in grasslands of the world – Other Related animals – Buffalo, bison, musk-ox, banteng, gaur, gayal, yak, Zebu In the US: – Cattle imported from Europe – Most Early immigrants – Columbus – Had about 3-4 voyages – Q. Isabella gave him 23 ships after found something – Brought livestock over with him – Cortez (spanish explorers) – Brings an army of about 1000 people – Brings a lot of familiar animals with them for food – Colonizers – They bring their familiarities with them Why were cattle brought to the US? – Not originally brought for food – Steak and eggs for breakfast – Roast beef dinner – Draft Animals (primary purpose) – To pull loads and farming – “Oxen” Expansion to the west – Increased population - increased need – Urbanites don’t like the animals in their area – They didn’t like the smell and the increase of cattle population – “Not in my backyard” – So production moved west Cattle Drives – Western Cattle to eastern population – Railroad to Chicago and Kansas City – In those days there wasn’t very good transportation – Very few railways – Only found in the middle and in the “big cities” – Once the railroad begins to expand, the need for cattle drives became less common – Civil war problems – Things begin to get disrupted Trends in Beef Cattle World — 57.3 million metric t—ns 12.3 lbs./person/year US — 11.2 mIllion metric t—ns 54.8 lbs./person/year Brazil — 7.9 million metric to—s 60.4 lbs./person/year Argentina — 2.7 million metric to—s 96.9 lbs/.person/year Oregon Top 10 Agricultural Commodities 2014 Cattle and Calves $922,031,000 Dairy $656,635,000 Nursery and Greenhouse Wheat $829,909,000 Hay $703,080,000 Grass seed $449,018,000 Potatoes $164,703,000 Poultry $161,911,680 Hazelnuts $129,600,000 Pears $127,392,000 Wine grapes $119,320,000 Oregon’s top Cattle Counties — 2012 Malheur 276,100 Klamath 187,000 Harney 161,000 Baker 123,700 Lake 99,500 Morrow 97,000 Total Oregon 1,792,800 Vocabulary — Beef Cattle Jargon ● ADG - Average Daily Gain ● Beef Check off – Producer initiated “tax” ($1/hd) for marketing ● Bovine – Animals related to cattle ● Creep feed - First feed fed while still nursing or on milk replacer Dark ● cutter – Meat darkened due to stress prior to slaughter ● EPD – Expected progeny difference, proves sires ● Fed Cattle – Steers or Heifers fed concentrates prior to slaughter ● Freemartin – Sterile female fraternal twin of a bull calf ● Polled – Naturally hornless cattle ● Ox – old steer, with horns, for draft purposes ● Steer – Castrated male, for meat production ● Stocker – Heifer or steer destined for slaughter ● Veal– meat from cattle < 4 months old, milk fed (dairy bull calves) ● Heifer – female before first parturition


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