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POL 1080 9.27.16

by: Melanie Basinger

POL 1080 9.27.16 POL 1080

Melanie Basinger

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Class notes form 9.27.16
Introduction to International Relations
Ivan Ivanov
Class Notes
WW2, Realist, NeoLiberalism
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Basinger on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL 1080 at University of Cincinnati taught by Ivan Ivanov in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.


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Date Created: 09/28/16
Introduction to International Relations 9.27.16 Power, Institutions and Ideas: World War 1 Realist Perspective on the Causes of WW1  Why did WW1 originate? o Role of political geography o Changes in the distribution of power o Alliance politics The Rise of German Power  The role of German unification in 1871 o Effects on geopolitics  No buffer zone between east and west o Effect on distribution of power  Germany has a high population and wealth under centralized control  Germany can convert population and wealth into military power Preemption vs Prevention  The role of geopolitics and military strategy o Germany is encircled because of its power and its location o Germany considers preemptive war (Blitzkrieg)  The Von Moltke Plan (avoid war on two fronts)  The Schlieffen Plan (two front war against France and Russia) o Other great powers preventative war efforts Power Balancing  German unification lead to the formation of rival balances o Triple Alliance  Russia, France and Britain o Triple Entente  Germany, Austria – Hungary and Italy  Alliance formed a “checkerboard pattern”  Did alliances become too rigid? o “chain-ganging” Power Transition  Germany grows in power, Britain and France decline in power  Russia grows its industry, economy, and power capabilities  Germany challenges Britain’s hegemony o Naval power o Global influence The Domestic Factor  Germanys aggressiveness can be attributed to domestic influences and interests o Cartelized political economy  Agricultural landowners  Industrial leaders  Military elites o Groups forming coalitions and “logroll” interests, leading to aggressive politics The Liberal Perspective on WW1  Failure of diplomacy due to rigidity of alliances o War was avoidable until the “last move” o Path dependency  Domestic weakness o Economics and political interests of the iron-rye coalition o Misperception among leaders Failing Cooperation  Bismarck’s secret and manipulative diplomacy o Secret alliance with Austria – Hungary  Wilhelm 2 clumsy diplomacy o Colonial and naval rivalry with Britain o International Crisis and responses Diplomatic Failure  Domestic Variables o Merchants and laborers who benefited from growing international trade were poorly represented in the highest levels of political decision making  Systemic Variables o Germany expected Britain to be neutral o Mobilization plans locked states into decisions with very limited options Power/Realist Institutions/Neo- Ideas about WW2 Liberalism System Geopolitics ic Alliances Distribution of power State Elites: preserve power Non-democratic elites Individ ual


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