205 Week Five Part Two
205 Week Five Part Two phi 205
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephani Mager on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to phi 205 at North Carolina State University taught by Benjamin Bagley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Philosophy 205 – Week Five, Part Two Churchland, “Eliminative Materialism” Key Terms: Identity theory: o a species of materialism o A form of functionalism because it maintains that mental states are definable by their function or causal role Eliminative Materialism: o “doubts that the correct neuroscientific account of human capacities will produce a neat reduction of our commonsense framework Ontology: o Similar to metaphysics Key Ideas: The key to understanding Churchland – o Not talking about the mind, but what science can do for our pre-scientific concepts 1. Sometimes we identify common sense concepts with scientific concepts a. Example: light is just electromagnetic radiation distinguish light from darkness b. Identify mental states with scientific concepts (Armstrong and Churchland) c. A great amount of common sense concepts don’t have so rosy a state 2. But often, we eliminate common sense concepts when no scientific concept corresponds to some common sense concepts a. Heat is energy b. Caloric fluid – people believed heat absorbs c. Phlongistein – thing that holds structure together d. Witches – Witchcraft, but it’s really just women living in the woods who no one likes i. Eliminated concept – no women who talk to animals, fly, or make deals with the devil ii. A place-holder for something that leaves (1 two examples) Armstrong – as science of the mind advanced while our concepts of state of minds advanced Given that conecpts get eliminated rather than replaced, an option of what happens to concept of mental options, too. (Important to Churchland’s argument) Concepts – belief, emotion, intention, desire, etc. o These are identical to mental concepts and common sense concepts o More likely they’ll get eliminated than continue on o Not easy to re-name in scientific concepts