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Soc 110 - Week 1 Notes

by: Joe Strano

Soc 110 - Week 1 Notes Soc 110

Joe Strano
GPA 3.93

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About this Document

These notes cover what was discussed during week 1 in class which was "Sociological Imagination" and some material from the chapter in the book which was "Sociology and the Real World
Intro to Sociology
Dr. Nels Paulson
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joe Strano on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 110 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Dr. Nels Paulson in Fall 2013. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of Wisconsin - Stout.

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Date Created: 09/28/16
The Sociological Imagination  We can’t see society (always outside forces influencing mind)  Understanding social society that we can’t see  Personal troubles are linked to public issues o Norms, economy, politics o It’s not just that there’s something psychologically wrong with the individual person o Instead, for the most part, we find ourselves in places in society that can lead to personal troubles (or personal happiness) o Often opportunities for this personal happiness are not equally available for all.  C. Wright Mills (Radical, Logical, Critical) o Social Structure may be creating problems or making life better o Wrote “The Sociological Imagination”, pissed the world of  “The Sociological Imagination” o 1. Need to Connect “Biography & History  Your own story is a consequence of more than just your psychological state, your genetics, or your hormones  The social history of the world has afected you in many, many ways o 2. Macro sociological/Micro sociological patterns & the individual  There are two levels in society that afect you as an individual  Micro sociology tries to understand how our face to face interactions afect our lives  Macrosociology tries to understand how more abstract or broad patterns of society afect our lives o 3. Agency  We also can take a great deal of control over our lives by our own actions  We are not role playing robots  Cannot blame sociological patterns for all personal troubles  While sociology says Agency exists, it also says that some people’s agency is more constrained than others  Some people are given better opportunities to control their own destiny  The Irrelated Ways  Perception( How you perceive the world) o 3. Agency(Con’t)  The Irrelated Ways  Perception (How you perceive the world)  Identity ( How you see your selves)  Structure ( How we structure our society in terms of norms/expectations, both formal and informal) o 4. Data and Logic : Date collection & Analysis  The sociological imagination is essential for being a social scientist (i.e. social analyst)  This moves us away from just being an “everyday actor”  We start to get at the root causes of personal troubles  We also are able to analyze the extent to which agency influences public issues  And we need to use theory and data in a systematic way  Data Analysis: Quantitative o Again, the more systematic we are with collecting and analyzing data, the better we’ll get at knowing  Data Analysis: Qualitative o Non-numerical data o How people establish meaning to their social world o Participant observations  Theory o Combine what you see with thoughtful logic o Don’t get best explanation with only ”some” info Sociology & The Real World  Sui Generis o An object in itself o Society can be scrutinized and analyzed like any other object o Culture, race, or the working class  Observe society in its component parts, and we can see how those parts are created, changed, and maintained, how they link together, how they shape and influence one another – and what our roles are in those processes.  Social Scinece o The disciplines that use the scientific method to examine the social world; in contrast to the natural sciences, which examine the physical world. o Emerged in the 19 century.  Natural Sociologist o Almost everyone, without special training o Possess a great deal of background knowledge to help us form ideas about the way the world works. o Culture passes along to its members conventional wisdom  Sociology o The systematic or scientific study of human society and social behavior, from large-scale institutions and mass culture to small groups and individual interactions o “Socius” “Logos” – Study of Society o Howard Becker = The study of people “doing things together”  Neither society nor the individual exist in isolation o Accumulated activities of people doing things together create the pattern and structures we call SOCIETY


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