205 Week Six Part One
205 Week Six Part One phi 205
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephani Mager on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to phi 205 at North Carolina State University taught by Benjamin Bagley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Philosophy 205 – Week Six, Part One Jackson, “What Mary Didn’t Know” Key Terms: Physicalism: o Similar materialism Qualia: o Subjective characters to mental events and states Dualism: o The mind cannot be identified with the body or part of the body Key Concepts: Physical facts: o The only facts are physical facts o Armstrong and Churchland are physicalists, and Ryle’s view is consistent with it Jackson’s argument against physicalism 1. Before she sees the red tomato, Mary knows all the physical facts about the experience of redness a. The world is made of up physical stuff 2. When Mary sees the red tomato, she learnssomething new about the experience of redness 3. Like you learn something new about the world, you learn a new fact about it 4. So, Mary learns a new fact 5. So, not all facts are physical facts 6. So physicalism is false Physicalists believe God is made up of the same stuff the world is o Attempt to explain the mind scientifically o Philosophers of the mind want to give a simple unified understanding of the world Jackson wants to prove that physicalism is wrong A fact that is “physical” is a fact that is or is reducible to facts that can be stated in terms of physical science (i.e. fact about physics, chemistry, neuroscience, etc.) Jackson imagines a woman who knows all the facts about the experience of color, knows all the science of the brain, knows everything that’s ever been written but lives in a black and white room Steps out of the room, sees the tomato and now knows exactly what it’s like experiencing the red tomato Jackson: Mary learns facts about the phenomenal quality of the experience of redness o i.e. what it’s like to have the experience o What about giving Mary a CT scan and see what’s happening when she’s experiencing redness? o You can know what’s going to happen in your brain, but you can’t trigger it and know what the experience is like without actually experiencing it o Jackson’s response to Mary acquiring a new ability Can’t be sure she acquires a new ability, she could wonder whether other people have minds or phenomenal experiences wondering something that’s not settled by what they can do
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