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History 130, week 6 notes

by: Cienna Acosta

History 130, week 6 notes History 130

Cienna Acosta
CSU Chico

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About this Document

These notes cover what it is going to be on the quiz on friday
Robert Tinkler
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cienna Acosta on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 130 at California State University Chico taught by Robert Tinkler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see in History at California State University Chico.


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Date Created: 09/28/16
Manifest Destiny and Slavery’s Spread: The big issues of the 1840’s  ­ 1840’s shaped a lot of our life even today  ­ Territorial acquisition also brought the issue of slavery into the middle of american  politics  (forced to talk about slavery)    ­ GAG RULE​: 1836­44: No antislavery petitions considered by U.S. house   ­ Had to be tabled → not considered or debated   ­ Congress could not do it     ­ Manifest Destiny Declared → ​  announced by John O’Sullivan (democrat) (1845)  ­ American claim to oregon   ­ Great britain and America claimed the oregon   ­ Sullivan claimed America had a better claim of oregon country  ­ He says it was god given to America (north america to U.S.)  ­ Manifest Destiny was more popular among the democrats  ­ Whigs didn’t support territorial expansion → thought it would bring up problems     ­ Republic of Mexico  ​ → Established 1821 (became independent of spain)   ­ Spanish encourage americans to immigrate into Texas because they wanted to  economically develop this area  ­ Not many mexicans in texas, most population was in central mexico  ­ Mexican govt. Wanted barrier between native people and mexican people  (americans could serve as a barrier)  ­ U.S. wanted TEXAS   ­ Lots of Anglo Americans coming to Texas   ­ 1830’s : separatists movements (didn’t like dictatorship)  ­ Annexation:  ​ to become a part of U.S.  ­ Americans brought slaves with them to Texas     ­ Anti slavery forces:  ​ Benjamin Lundy   ­ People want to take over Texas to make it a slave state and grow cotton and  sugarcane   ­ He thought WE need to stop it!   ­ Debate over if Texas should be brought into the Union   ­ 1836: U.S. didn’t Annex Texas for close to a decade → largely because anti  slavery forces made it such a huge deal    ­ Pressure from southern slave holders to add Texas to union increased over time   ­ Texas wanted the protection of the U.S.   ­ Texas remained independent for at least a decade     1844: Leading Contenders for Presidential Nominations: b ​ oth would not annex Texas   Henry Clay (Whig): ​not a risky move for Clay since he was a Whig   Martin Van Buren (Democrat):   ­ James K.Polk → performed by they might be giants  ­ 1844, democrats were split  ­ Martin van buren, former president and abolitionist,  ­ Pro annexation denied Van bueren because they wanted Texas into the union,  therefore they nominated James K. Polk who became president   ­ Seized the whole southwest from Mexico   ­ Made sure tariffs fell  ­ Made the english sell the oregon territory  ­ Built independent treasury    ­ James K. Polk → elected 1844, served 1845­49  ­ Not abolitionist, but didn’t want slavery to expand  ­ Interested in t​ erritorial acquisition   ­ Texas: Tyler (1841­45) began process of bringing Texas into union as slave state  ­ Oregon: Deal with Britain to divide at 49th parallel (1846)   ­ Polk wanted more → “the richest, the most beautiful, and the healthiest country in  the world”  ­­ Waddy Thompson, Tyler’s minister to Mexico  ­ Polk wanted CALIFORNIA   ­ Problem = Mexico controlled California → Republic of Mexico   ­ Started war to acquire california     ­ Brief, “Successful” War  ­ Began April 1846, over by September 1847  ­ Official end with Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)  ­ US defeated Mexico, but came at a high price  ­ Unpopularity  ­ Army had a high desertion rate (twice that of Vietnam)   ­ San Patricio/ Saint Patrick battalion: 300 deserters (mainly irish  immigrants) who joined Mexican army   ­ Whigs didn’t think it was a war we should be fighting  ­ Abraham Lincoln → offered “Spot Resolution”   ­ Didn’t pass, Whigs protested against War    ­ Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)  ­ Mexico surrendered all claims to Texas   ­ Mexico ceded Alta California and New mexico to the U.S.    ­ U.S. paid Mexico $15 million and assumed $3 million in debt claims  ­ Mexican cession (given to U.S.)    ­ David Wilmot believes in territorial expansion → offered amendment   ­ The Wilmot Proviso: p ​ revented spread of Slavery in any territory acquired by  Slavery   ­ Didn’t ever become a law in 1846  ­ All northern whigs and 52 of 56 northern Democrats supported   ­ All southern Democrats and all but 2 southern whigs opposed it   ­ Not voting as whigs and democrats, voting as northerners and  southerners  ­ Political parties are now forced to talk about slavery   


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