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Literature Week 7 Notes

by: Grace Ford

Literature Week 7 Notes Literature 208

Grace Ford
GPA 3.2

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Forster's "A Passage to India" notes over chapters 17-32
Readings in Literature 2
Dr. Holly Jones
Class Notes
Literature, Culture
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Ford on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Literature 208 at University of Alabama - Huntsville taught by Dr. Holly Jones in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Readings in Literature 2 in ENGLISH (ENG) at University of Alabama - Huntsville.

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Date Created: 09/28/16
Week 7 Readings in Literature and Culture II Dr. Holly Jones Passage to India Chapters 17-24 - Chapter 17 o Mr. Fielding has gone to confront Mr. Turton about Aziz’s arrest o Turton tells Fielding Aziz was arrested because he “insulted” Miss Quested in the caves o Fielding is in denial, saying it is “absolutely impossible” o “…he did not understand madness; he had always gone about sensibly and quietly until a difficulty came right.”  In this case Fielding knows he cannot simply stand by while his friend is imprisoned for something he is innocent of doing o It is revealed that Miss Quested claims that Aziz is guilty o Fielding is confident that the problem will be resolved immediately o “I have never known anything but disaster result when English people and Indians attempt to be intimate socially.”  Turton is saying that the whole trip was a mistake, and possibly a ruse by Aziz  He believes that the two cultures are too different for the people to even consider friendship o Fielding says it is impossible to regard a tragedy from two points of view. He means that he can’t defend both Aziz and Miss Quested. While Turton is defending Miss Quested, Fielding must take Aziz’s side o Turton says that he is still looking for facts, whereas everyone else has been relying on emotion to decide who to defend - Chapter 18 o Mr. McBryde put Aziz in prison, being polite to him and reassuring him, telling him that his friends were probably putting together his bail o Mr. McBryde has the idea that everyone south of latitude thirty is born a criminal o Fielding arrived to ask for Miss Quested’s account of what happened o McBryde told him that Aziz had followed her into the cave and advanced on her. She hit him with her glasses, which were found in Aziz’s pocket when he was arrested. Miss Derek found Miss Quested coming out of the cave, acting all crazy. o Fielding admitted that he thinks Miss Quested is “under some hideous delusion” and that her story is wrong o McBryde says that Aziz put her glasses in his pocket because Indians become very strange when they “go bad” o McBryde says that some of the evidence they found against Aziz was the fact that he was “fixing up to see women” from a friend’s brothel  After admitting that he did the same at that age, McBryde changed the subject because the conversation had become “undesireable” o Fielding asked to see Miss Quested, but both McBryde and Major Callendar refused Week 7 o The idea of everyone’s emotional response to Aziz’s arrest seems to be a recurring theme o They find the picture of Aziz’s wife and plan to use it against him in court, apparently refusing to believe that she was in fact his wife despite Fielding’s protests - Chapter 19 o Leaving the police office, Fielding stops to talk to Hamidullah o Hamidullah asked if McBryde seemed annoyed, and when Fielding responded saying that it doesn’t matter if he was annoyed or not, Hamidullah said that it was okay for Fielding to feel that way because he doesn’t have to live in India  He was saying that that was his home, and it mattered to him how the people around him regarded him as a person o Fielding says that Indians are “bad starters”  He means that they aren’t cowardly, they just don’t want to offend anyone with their actions o Hamidullah suggested that Aziz’s lawyer be a Hindu, so that the case will reach a broader audience appeal  Fielding disagreed because he didn’t want the case to involve any sort of racial problems  To which Hamidullah said that if they want to win, they must hit with all their force o Fielding really didn’t want to be involved in the case because he didn’t want to take anyone’s side, but he was determined to help his friend o Back at the college, Fielding talks to Godbole, who asks if the trip was successful, knowing of Aziz’s arrest o Godbole tells Fielding that he is leaving the university to teach at a different school in Central India  He asks Fielding for advice on naming the school  Fielding gets annoyed because all he can think about is Aziz’s arrest o Godbole then asks if Aziz is the type of person that would “do such a thing”  Fielding claims that anyone and everyone could do such a thing  Goes into a rant about good and evil o Later Fielding was able to visit Aziz, but all Aziz could say was “you deserted me” - Chapter 20 o Mrs. Turton strongly dislikes Adela, but she calls her her “darling girl”, causing herself to cry o “he wanted to know whether there was an official bulletin about Miss Quested’s health, or whether the grave reports were due to gossip”  Fielding asked if all the fuss over Adela’s condition was due to an actual doctor’s input, or if everyone had been senselessly gossiping over it  His question seemed to upset everyone present, because he called her by her name o “But it’s the women and children” they repeated  Mr. Turton believes that worrying about women and children in a way gives men the right to go more insane Week 7 o Fielding and Mr. Turton argue because Fielding stated his belief that Aziz is innocent, and did not show proper respect to Ronny when he came in - Chapter 21 o Fielding regrets his argument with Turton, but then decides it best to move forward and find more help for Aziz - Chapter 22 o Adela had been staying in the McBryde’s bungalow; she was ill due to sunburn and rolling through the cactus patch o She experienced a shock every time she was touched, saying that she never used to mind being touched before she went to the caves o She seems to think that everyone is blowing the situation out of proportion, saying “he never actually touched me once. It all seems such nonsense.” o Ronny tries to prepare her for meeting with his mother, saying that old people take things differently than others o Adela asks Mrs. Moore what the echo she has been hearing is, and Mrs. Moore seems to know, but refuses to tell her o Mrs. Moore starts to rant, saying “and all this rubbish about love, love in a church, love in a cave, as if there is the least difference” o “Ronny, he’s innocent; I made an awful mistake.”  Adela suddenly realizes that she wrongfully accused Aziz of attacking her in the caves o Adela calms down and agrees to go on with the trial, thinking that she is just being too emotional over the matter. Mrs. Moore says “she has started the machinery; it will work to its end.”  She means that Adela started something that one person cannot stop; it must run its course. - Chapter 23 o Lady Mallanby, who had a ticket for a boat back England, found out that Mrs.Moore couldn’t get one because they were all full, and offered to let Mrs. Moore stay in her own cabin. o So Mrs. Moore went back to England without going to the trial or the marriage. o Mrs. Moore found herself thinking that it was ridiculous to be paying this much attention to Adela when “nothing had happened.” o They arrived on the boat and began sailing back to England - Chapter 24 o Adela has reverted back to Christianity o Adela is living with the Turtons, who took her in after Mrs. Moore left because they felt bad for her o She had been rehearsing with Mr. McBryde what she was preparing to say for the court o The Turtons, McBrydes, and Adela go to the courthouse o Mrs. Turton claims that the Indian men don’t deserve any respect, saying “they oughtn’t be spoken to, they ought to be spat at,” o The trial begins  Mr. McBryde seemed to think that he was 100% correct and that there was no way that he could lose the trial, so when speaking he was very arrogant Week 7  Again Adela wonders if she made a mistake accusing Aziz  The Indians compare Mrs. Moore with Esmiss Esmoor, a Hindu godess  “…because her disaster in the cave was connected, though by a thread, with another part of her life, her engagement to Ronny.”  Adela finds it difficult to distinguish the truth from her memory because at the caves all she was thinking about was her engagement  Thinking about the caves makes her think exclusively about her engagement  Adela fell into a sort-of trance in order to remember what happened at the caves  After being asked if Aziz followed her into the cave, Adela could not respond  after a while she said, “I am not quite sure”  She then realized her mistake and said “Dr. Aziz never followed me into the cave.”  She then withdrew the case o Aziz was released from custody Week 7 Readings in Literature and Culture II Dr. Holly Jones Passage to India Chapters 25-32 - Chapter 25 o While wandering through the Indian crowd, Fielding asked Adela if she should go back to “her own people” o Seeing that she could not make it back to them, Fielding put her in his carriage and was going to let her borrow it, but the horses were gone o Some of his students came and offered to pull the carriage as long as Fielding was in it o Arriving at the college, Fielding offered some of the rooms to Adela to rest in o Aziz was not happy with the victory; “he had suffered too much” o The people with Aziz decided to get revenge on the English and attack the hospital  Dr. Lal begged Aziz for forgiveness o Dr.Lal discovered that they wanted the patient Nureddin, whom they heard was being tortured in the hospital - Chapter 26 o Adela and Fielding were left alone in the University o She asked if he had any explanation for her behavior, he said he did not o She admits that she has been “ill” since the caves or even beforehand, Fielding blamed her sickness on hallucination o Fielding then brought up the idea that the guide could have attacked her o Hamidulla enters and asks Fielding to come to see Nawab Bahadur o Adela claims she will go to the Dak Bungalow, but Fielding says she must stay at the college because it would be safer o Ronny shows up; Adela asks Fielding to ask him what he wants. Fielding comes back and tells her to go outside and talk with Ronny  Fielding then tells Hamidulla that Mrs. Moore died on the boat  They agreed not to tell Aziz about her death until the next day o Adela gets Ronny’s approval to stay at the college - Chapter 27 o Aziz says he has become “anti-British” and wish he had done so a long time ago o Aziz says he will be moving to a “Moslem state” where Englishmen can’t bother him anymore o Aziz wants to consult Mrs.Moore for advice on whether or not to forgive Adela; he doesn’t know she is dead o Fielding told Aziz about Mrs.Moore’s death, but he thought it was a joke - Chapter 28 o Ronny felt bad for being unkind to his mother before she left India o Ronny states that now he could not marry Adela because it would ruin his career - Chapter 29 Week 7 o Fielding tries to help Adela write an apology letter to Aziz, but it was not a good letter. They decided it was no good because she simply does not like Aziz o Fielding is still trying to convince Aziz not to sue Adela so much, because it would “ruin her” o Adela claims she still does not understand what happened in the cave, but Mrs. Moore knew. o Adela returns to England, and decides to find Mrs. Moore’s other two children - Chapter 30 o Mr. Das came to Aziz and asked for a poem for a Hindu magazine, hoping to prolong the temporary unification of Muslems and Hindus that resulted from the trial o Aziz says that he decided not to charge Adela for the trial - Chapter 31 o Aziz is angry and Fielding for befriending Adela; he still sees her as his enemy o Aziz tells Fielding that Mr. McBryde had an affair with Miss Derek, and is getting divorced as a result o He then tells Fielding that there is a rumor going around about him and Miss Quested, who is now back in England  Aziz acted like he believed the rumor, which offended Fielding o “Everything echoes now; there’s no stopping the echo.”  What was Fielding referring to here? It is obviously a hint to Adela’s “echo”, but what does the echo mean? What is it? o Fielding tells Aziz he plans to return to England for a short time o Aziz is upset; he suspects Fielding is going back to England to marry Adela for her money o Fielding leaves for England; all of his Indian friends suspect treachery because he wasn’t as frank with them before he left as he had been earlier on in their friendship - Chapter 32 o Fielding stayed in Egypt for a few days o He passed Crete and went through Venice o He talks a lot about form, something he claims “poor India” has none of


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