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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Davet on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 203 at Shepherd University taught by Darboe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Sociology 203 Week 1 Sociology-is the scientific study of human society and behavior, example- study of poverty in the U.S. Science - is the systematic and logical method of obtaining knowledge and the knowledge obtained, example-Biology Society- is a collection of people who share the same geography, culture, and government, example- American society, Methodology- a system of rules, principles, and procedures that guide scientific investigation, example-Survey *The principles which guide scientific investigation are reliability and validity Reliability- is arriving at the same conclusion with repitition or replication, example- if you study for 2 hours, you will get an A Validity-is measuring what is intended to be measured, example-the football team has improved since 2010 Social Sciences- are the related disciplines that study the various aspects of human society and behavior, example-Anthropology, Natural Sciences- are the related disciplines that study the various aspects of biological and physical phenomena. Example- Biology Generalization-a statement or conclusion that applies to not only one specific case, but also to most other similar cases, example-drunk driving causes car accidents Essay Question One: State and Explain the Similarities and Differences Between the Social and Natural Sciences First Similarity-same methodology(statement), give definition of methodology(explanation), give example Second Similarity- Generalize conclusions(statement,) give definition of generalization(explanation, give example First Difference-subject matter of study(statement), Social-always changing, Natural-always constant(explanation), give example Second Difference-conclusions of social based off of probability, conclusions of natural off certainty(statement), probability because subject matter changes, certainty because subject matter constant(explanation), give example Third Difference- Conclusions in social sciences don't become laws but do in the natural sciences, (statement) because of probability and certainty(explanation), give example Fourth Difference-methodology of natural sciences is more advanced than social,(statement), this is because the natural sciences have been around longer(explanation) give example
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