Dr. Dennis WK 6 Criminology Lecture Notes
Dr. Dennis WK 6 Criminology Lecture Notes SOC 442
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allysa Kongshaug on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 442 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Jeffery Dennis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Dr. Dennis-Monday & Wednesday Week 6 Criminology Notes WK 6a: Rape and Sexual Assault Crimes Against the Person o Pt. 1 Violent Homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault o Pt. 2 Violent Simple assault, kidnapping Rape or Sexual Assault o Penetration or sexual touching o Nonconsensual; w/ force UCR o Forcible rape o “The carnal knowledge of a women forcibly and against her will.” o 2013 change: penetration is any act, offender, or victim History of Rape middle English o rappen; “to steal” “Rape of the Lock” o Alexander Pope; 1712 About stealing a lock of women’s hair “Rape of the Sabine Women” o Nicolas Poussin; 1634-35 Military Rape o Conquered women and children o Prisoners of war o Kings; as a final humiliation o Humiliate/signify dominance o Still practiced but not legal Bride Abduction o Still common in the Balkans o Steal women you want; once they’re in your house, you are engaged/married to them o “Seven Brides for Seven Brothers”; 1954 Traditional Common Law Before 1700 o Male rape is NOT recognized o Unmarried women Father is the victim Rapist is punished o Married women Husband is the victim Rapist and wife are punished Offender and Victims Definitions of Rape o M. Offender, F. Offender; 33% vaginal penetration 18% any penetration o Any Offender; 8% vaginal penetration 41% any penetration Minnesota Criminal Sexual Behavior o 1 degree: penetration w/ force, or victim does not give consent o 2 nddegree: sexual touching and above conditions rd o 3 dthree: penetration w/ coercion, or other power moves o 4 degree: sexual touching and above conditions o 5 degree: other nonconsensual sexual contact Rape/Sexual Assault Victimization Reported to the Police o Male victim; 1% completed 2% attempted o Female victim; 9% completed 4% attempted Rape Victimization by Sexual Orientation by Victimization Survey o Heterosexual men; 3% o Gay men; 18% Rape Culture o Belief that: Sexual contact is essential to demonstrate masculinity Saying “no” is not a refusal A date is a sexual contract An initial refusal can be changed through sexual prowess Victim/Offender Relationship o Partner; w/o force 7% w/ force 6% o Relative; w/o force 7% w/ force 13% o Friend; w/o force 60% w/ 48% o Stranger; w/o force 27% w/ force 33% Characteristic of Rape-Prone Colleges o Younger students o Intense drinking o Off-campus residential spaces o Male privilege o Racism o homophobia WK 6b: Robbery, Assault, and Kidnapping Robbery Robbery o Removal of property by immediate force, threat, or intimidation o How does this differ from: Larceny Embezzlement Weapon used in robbery o 49% none o 24% gun o 11% knife o 16% other Victim Selection o 65% prefer criminals, especially drug dealers o seen using money o same race o disagree about which gender is better o like elderly and intoxicated MN statues for robbery o Simple o Aggravated, 2 nddegree: implied use of deadly weapon o Aggravated, 1 degree: use of deadly weapon Increase risk of injury o Try and overpower o Calling for help o Threatening them or insulting them o Fumbling/searching for money Decrease risk of injury o Treat it like a business transaction o Calm o Have money ready Assault Assault o Deliberate, nonconsensual, and nonsexual touching o Goal of pain or humiliation o Assault and battery: Simple assault Aggravated assault Weapon used in assault o Aggravated: 27% none 19% gun 36% other 19% knife o Simple: 27% none 9% other MN statues for assault o 1 degree: great bodily harm o 2 nddegree: use of dangerous weapon rd o 3 dthree: substantial bodily harm o 4 degree: various protected categories and bias motives o 5 degree: minor bodily harm Kidnapping Kidnapping o Removal/restraint Adult Force, threat, or intimidation Juvenile w/o parental permission MN statues for kidnapping o Nonconsensual removal or confinement with intent: To hold for ransom To facilitate a felony To commit great bodily harm To hold in involuntary servitude o Parental kidnapping is another thing Offender-Victim Relationship o 73% parent o 26% friend o <1% other