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TS122 Textile Principles

by: Alina Notetaker

TS122 Textile Principles TS122 Textile Principle

Alina Notetaker
Fashion Institute of Technology
GPA 3.8
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About this Document

These notes cover the intro to Textile Pcpl class, textile industry basics, historical background, a field of textile production, production process, sources of fabrics, international shows, fair ...
Textile principles
Pr. Crutchfield
Class Notes
ts, fashiontextile, Textiles, fabrics




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alina Notetaker on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TS122 Textile Principle at Fashion Institute of Technology taught by Pr. Crutchfield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Textile principles in FASHION AND TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY at Fashion Institute of Technology.

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Date Created: 09/28/16
Textile Prcpl. TS 122 Week 1 notes Textile industry Textile industry supplies industries like : Apparel , Interior furnishings and Industrial products. Historical background: — “Silk road” - silk trade b/w china and different regions of Europe. China was primary source of silk. China was also first one to create silk. Silk was introduced to US very late because it’s the furthest from china on the “silk road”. In general, US was introduced to textile trades very late. Today, 90% of textiles used in US are imported. — Middle East — Italy Middle east and Italy also played important role in textile history. Venus of Hohle Fels
 38,000 BC – 33,000 BC First statuettes, lines indicate textiles. This is the earliest, as we know, that people were using textiles as apparel and that textile existed in general. General fields of textile production — Apparel 35% of market Textiles used in clothing — Interiors 35% Furniture, bath, kitchen, bed, etc. — Industrial 30% Luggage, bandages, flags, boat sales, dust filters. Production process — Fibers - small hairlike part of fibers: • natural (cotton, wool, bamboo) • manufactured (acrylic, nylon, polyester) — Yarns - threadlike strands of fibers twisted together. — Fabrics - made from woven or knitted yarns. Mills are companies that make fabric. • knitted fabric - stretch • woven fabr. - dont stretch — Dying and Printing • Imparting solid color to textiles • Imparting designs to textiles • Dots, florals, stripes • Operations performed in dye plants * conversational print - non-traditional print ( like eyeballs) —Finishing: additional treatments (such as waterproofing) • Makes items like blouses, backpacks, comforters • Finishing plants often part of dye plants or print plants — Put-up:indicates fabric packaging • Put-up – indicates fabric packaging • Shorts – fabric shorter than 40 yards • Remnants – 1 to 10 yard pieces • Pound goods – pieces less than one yard Sold by the pound • Prim. sources of fabrics: - Mills - Converters - Importer Mills - companies that make fabric. Converters - buys unfinished goods to have them dyed or finished. Sells finished fabric to the same customers as mills Importer: - Direct - buys foreign fabric or manufactured textile products - Indirect - foreign company that makes fabric (or yarn) to export Secondary sources of textiles: - Jobber - Retail stores - Overseas agents Jobber - Buys from mills, converters, and garment manufacturers.Often buys discontinued items and mill overruns. Retail stores - Sell to home sewers. Have large variety of fabrics with small inventory of each. Overseas agents - Overseas representation of an exporter or importer. Overs. agents are considered a requisite in overseas business. Private label - specifically manuf. goods to be sold exclusively by retailer. Exclusive brands - national brands distributed by 1 retailers. There are 2 retail seasons: - Fall: August 1st - Spring: February 1st Global issues related to the textile industry: • Air and water pollution • Disposal of waste products • Health and safety of workers • Water pollution from home laundering Fair trade indicates product: • Produced without labor exploitation • Using environmentally sustainable practices • Producers received fair prices Two major international groups: • Fair Trade Labeling Organization International – FLO • International Federation for Alternative Trade – IFAT US based organizations: • TransFair USA • Fair Trade Federation (FTF) International shows: • Interstoff • The Salon International de l’Habillement Masculin – SEHM • Techtextil • Heimtextil • International Exposition of Textile Machinery – ITMA Domestic shows • American Textile Machinery Exhibition – ATME • International Fashion Fabric Exposition – IFFE • Magic International


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