New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Culture and Communications Chapter 3-4

by: Madison Ultimate Notetaker

Culture and Communications Chapter 3-4 Anth 412

Madison Ultimate Notetaker
Long Beach State
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Culture and Communication

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Culture and Communication notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes are from class and contain concepts that are featured on exams and papers.
Culture and Communication
A Vacca
Class Notes
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Culture, Cultural, Anthro, Anthropology, communication, Communications, #Sapir-Whorf




Popular in Culture and Communication

Popular in Cultural Anthropology

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Ultimate Notetaker on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 412 at California State University - Long Beach taught by A Vacca in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Culture and Communication in Cultural Anthropology at California State University - Long Beach.

Popular in Cultural Anthropology


Reviews for Culture and Communications Chapter 3-4


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/28/16
Culture and Communication Some basic terms and linguistic relativity  Culture: “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society” (Tylor) o Not necessarily associated with a country o Intercultural variation o Multilingualism, hybrid cultural identities  Language: main form of a human communication o “A systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of  conventionalized signs, sounds, gestures, or marks having understood meanings” Peirce’s Trichotomy of Signs  Symbol o By convention, arbitrary o Ex: red for stop  Index o By indication, “points to” o Ex: smoke indicates fire  Icon o Has a likeness o Ex: outline of “person” in dress on ladies’ rooms  Language vs Dialect  Language is “a dialect with an army and a navy” o Cultural, historical, political distinction  Popular usage o Language as written and standardized o Dialects inferior­ unsophisticated, quaint   Mutual intelligibility   “Codes” o Not discrete or isolated o Change and blend   Vocabulary pronunciation  Dialect is a variation of language  Accents  Regional  “Sapir­Whorf Hypothesis”  Edward Sapir o Anthropologist/linguist o Native American languages in Pacific Northwest o Studied under Boas  Benjamin Lee Whorf o Student of Sapir o Previously in insurance o Empirical studies Principle of Linguistic Relativity:   The way languages encode cultural and cognitive categories affects the way people think, cross­culturally, which also affects behavior  Boasian Tradition (Boas the anthropologist/linguist)   Biggest proponent of Cultural Relativity  o Response to racist Evolutionism trend  Stressed “psychic unity” o All humans/peoples have the same capacities and potential o Differences are cultural rather than the result of cognitive differences  Language expresses culture, does not shape thought  Sapir’s Linguistic Relativity  Habits of speech o Unconscious and aesthetic  “Unconscious pattering of behavior in society” o “Deep­seated cultural patterns…not so much known as felt, not so much capable  of conscious description as of naïve practice” o “Norms of behavior that one can feel with the utmost nicety but can state only in  the vaguest and most approximate fashion” o “At the mercy of the particular language” o “Real world” built on language habits o No two languages have the same social realities Whorf’s View  “Linguistically constructed reality” o Languages shape the way a culture thinks, conceptualizes  “Pointed by their grammars” toward different types of observations and evaluations  “Fashions of speaking”  o People act in the same way they talk  No language or world view is “natural” o ALL constructed by Language­Culture complex How It Works  Fashions of speaking o Holistic o Internally coherent systems  Cognitive Appropriation: o “The structuring or construal of a given domain in terms of a more familiar one” o Metaphorical or metonymic extension:  Metaphorical  Metonymic o May be based on polysemy  “varied uses introduce confusion of thought” SAE vs Hopi  Tense o “When” o Time, now vs not now; past, present, future  Aspect o “How” o Whether completed, repeated, in progress, habitual  Mode o Obligation, necessity, possibility, permissions, etc. o May, might, can, must, could…  SAE: 3 Tense System o Sensuous: non­sensuous  o “Present” = sensuous, what we are seeing, hearing, touching o “Past” = non­sensuous (memory) o “Future” = non­sensuous (belief; uncertainty)  HOPI: no tenses o Rely on various other categories to convey this type of information  SAE: real plural and imaginary p0lurals o RP: perceptible special aggregates  Can be amassed in one place at one time o IP: metaphorical aggregates  Cannot be amassed  Cyclicity  Objectification   Concepts of time lose contact with subjective experience of “latering”  Time counted as quantities: lengths  Form causes different things to seem the same  HOPI: no imaginary plurals o Relation between two different events of lateness o No pattern to obscure the subjective “latering”  SAE vs Hopi: nouns  SAE: mass nouns o “Homogenous continua without implied boundaries” o Encounter most materials in defined “bodies” o Common formula forces unavoidable pattern on our descriptions o A BODY or CONTAINER of SUBSTANCE or MATTER   “Of”: denotes or suggests contents  o Not necessarily “contents” o Lumps, sticks, pieces, etc. seem to contain something  Required in our fashions of speaking to use binomial construction  Form causes different things to seem same  HOPI o All nouns have singular and plural forms, no “mass nouns”  o Formlessness not implied through noun  Language’s Influence on Culture  HOPI o Emphasis on continuity, successive visits, returning o Importance of preparation  o Persistence, constant insistent repetition  o “well begun is half done”  “Western” (SAE) o Objectify time, focus on speed and efficiency o “saving time” o “tomorrow is another day” o History, keeping records Range of Interpretations  “Radical” Linguistic Determinism o Structure of a language imposes its categories as the only categories in which we  can experience the world o “Very much at the mercy of the particular language” o Deterministic o No evidence to support  Qualified Linguistic Relativity  o “Moderate Whorfianism” o Correlation o Example: metaphorical aggregates and time (SAE) o Habitual thought tends to be fitted to a particular linguistic mold o Can and should break this mold


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.