New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Geog 1113 Notes- Week 6

by: Victoria Koehl

Geog 1113 Notes- Week 6 GEOG 1113

Marketplace > Georgia State University > GEOG 1113 > Geog 1113 Notes Week 6
Victoria Koehl
GPA 3.79
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Introduction to Landforms

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Introduction to Landforms notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Notes covering karst caves, sinkholes, groundwater, and contamination
Introduction to Landforms
Larry Kleitches
Class Notes
geography, groundwater, Karst, Caves




Popular in Introduction to Landforms

Popular in Department

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Koehl on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1113 at Georgia State University taught by Larry Kleitches in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


Reviews for Geog 1113 Notes- Week 6


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/28/16
Geography 1113 Notes  Karst topography­ Identified by sink holes, sinkhole ponds, fissures, lost rivers, and underground rivers created when caverns collapse  Karst topography is common where limestone is abundant  Forms where bedrock is made of calcite or dolomite  Karst is important because:  Karst is vital to surface water  Karst surface water can be easily polluted  Karst contains tremendous groundwater resources  Karst caves are special habitats  Karst caves contain cultural resources  Karst caves are recreational resources  Karst can be hazardous  Groundwater mixes with carbon dioxide to form carbonic acid  Limestone is a rock easily dissolved by carbonic acid  As acidic groundwater moves through pores in limestone, the rock dissolves which enlarges  cracks until it forms an underground opening called a cave  Groundwater can also make deposits on the insides of caves  Water dripping from the cave walls contains calcium ions from limestone, if the water  evaporates while hanging from the ceiling then the calcium carbonate is left which builds  up to form a stalactite  When water drops fall to the floor, the mineral drippings accumulate over time and a rock  formation, called a stalagmite, rises from the cave floor  If underground rock is dissolved near the surface a sinkhole may form  A sinkhole is a depression on the surface of the ground that forms when the cave roof collapses,  or when rock near the surface dissolves  These are common in areas with lots of limestone and enough rain to keep the groundwater system supplied with water  Groundwater accounts for 20% of all water used in the U.S.  Unwise use can damage or deplete groundwater reservoirs  Some problems related to groundwater use include:  Overpumping­ lowering the water table  Subsidence  Contamination  When a well is sited down the flow direction of groundwater from a source of pollution, the  pollutants will move into the part of the aquifer the well uses and the water will be contaminated  Even a carefully sited well can be undone by such a reversal of flow. A well tapping a part  of the water table where flow is towards the contaminated region can't get contaminated  However, a cone of depression below has reversed the flow, now allowing the pollution to  move toward the well  Contaminants  introduced at the land surface may infiltrate to the water table and flow towards a  point of discharge, either a well or a stream  Contamination results in a decline in water quality  Groundwater usually moves slowly 2


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.