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HIS 306N, Week 4 Notes

by: Zeba Khetani

HIS 306N, Week 4 Notes HIS 306N

Zeba Khetani

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HIS 306N, Week 4 Notes
History of Human Sexuality
Professor Levine
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zeba Khetani on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 306N at University of Texas at Austin taught by Professor Levine in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see History of Human Sexuality in History at University of Texas at Austin.


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Date Created: 09/28/16
09-14-16 HIS 306N Sexology: a “scientific” approach to sex • Focused on non-reproductive aspects of sexuality 1. Chronology a. 1 wave (male-dominated b/c women are not in universities studying or being studied): 1860s-1890s Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France i. Carl Westphal ii. Albert Moll iii. Richard Krafft-Ebing b. 2 wave (women only involved in ways of birth control advocate, etc.): 1890s-1930s Austria, Britain, Germany i. Sigmund Freud ii. Havelock Ellis iii. Magnus Hirschfeld rd iiii. Edward Carpenter c. 3 wave: 1930s-1970s United States i. Alfred Kinsey ii. Masters & Johnson iii. Shere Hite (WOMAN!!!!) d. Eurocentric 2. Beyond Europe a. Yamamoto Senji and other Japanese sexologists conducting sex surveys th early 20 century i. Unusual, way ahead of their time b. Latin American Federation of Sexology and Sexuality Education i. Prevent teen pregnancy, diseases, etc. ii. Leaders: Cuba and Mexico c. India- R.D. Karve (1882-1953) d. Egypt: 20 century enthusiasm for Freud i. Reading: Kozma e. Tel Aviv had 3 sexual consultation centers by 1930s f. Arab reforms: disciplining the body: modernity (Kozma: aimed at the elite) g. Early European sexology texts translated into many languages i. But, other countries’texts are not being translated for European countries (interest?) ii. Europeans believed they were civilized over other places 3. First Wave: Krafft-Ebing (1840-1902) a. Professor of psychiatry, University of Vienna i. Freud’s professor b. 1886: Psychopathia Sexualis (latin) i. best seller throughout Europe ii. widely translated iii. 12 esttions between 1886 and 1902 1. 1 edition = 110 pages 2. Final edition = 620 pages 3. Early editions relied on observation of mental patients c. What changes over time? i. Increasing use of patient’s own words- they become more individual than archetype ii. More liberal in every next book individual than archetype ii. More liberal in every next book d. What’s in the book? i. 60-page intro on “normal” sexual functioning 1. pleasure merely ancillary 2. marriage and monogamy 3. gendered difference a. women = low sex drive 4. intercourse ii. psychopathology (perversions) 1. what we do and with whom: creating sexual identities a. what we do- the act i. sadomasochism- s&m ii. exhibitionism- exposing yourself in public iii. voyeurism iiii. transvestism- dressing as another gender b. object of desire i. pedophilia- children ii. fetishism- certain object iii. same-sex desire iiii. bestiality- animal v. necrophilia- dead body iii. Most of his patients 1. Upper class white educated men 2. Relieved to know they were not alone in this iiii. Welcomed diagnosis, and sometimes, cure/treatment 4. Second wave: Ellis and Hirschfeld a. Havelock Ellis, Sexual Inversion, 1897 i. His publisher was arrested and the book was banned in Britain 1. Obscene Publications Act ii. Same-sex relations a benign, even positive, natural variation b. Magnus Hirschfeld i. Institute for Sex Research, Berlin, 1919 ii. Gender identity clinic 1. Movie: The Danish Girl(?) iii. Coined term transvestism: Die Transvestitenin (1910) iiii. Looted and burned by the Nazis 1. Used his files to compile their “pink lists” c. Edward Carpenter i. Uranian temperament 1. Emotional and sensitive 2. “great genius for attachment” 3. “the teachers of future society” 4. marriage needing to combine friendship and love ii. Same-sex longings common iii. Carpenter and George Merrill 1. Merrill: a working-class man 22 years younger than Carpenter 2. Met in 1881, moved in together 1898 3. Buried in the same grave 5. Third Wave a. Alfred Kinsey: no medical training i. Entomologist turned sexologist ii. 1938, Indiana U students demanded formal sex education. Kinsey asked President for permission to offer a noncredit marriage course 1. Only open to seniors and married students 2. 98 enrolled first time: 70 women and 28 men 3. 200 next semester a. also offered individual counseling 3. 200 next semester a. also offered individual counseling iii. 1947, Institute for Sex Research, funding from Rockefeller 2


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