PHL 304, Week 1 Notes Part 1
PHL 304, Week 1 Notes Part 1 PHL 304
Popular in Contemporary Moral Problems
Popular in Philosophy (introduction to bioethics)
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zeba Khetani on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Charles Krecz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Moral Problems in Philosophy (introduction to bioethics) at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
08-29-16 PHL 304 Ethical Judgement: 1. Meta-ethics v. normative ethics a. Normative- b. Meta-ethics- “I’M NOT MAKING A JUDGEMENT”, they’re about what people say in normative judgement i. Truth value? ii. What do these terms mean? Do they have a deﬁnition? iii. What’s a good argument for moral judgement (reason for saying it)? 2. Truth: cognitivism/non-cognitivism a. Cognitivist- believes normative statements are either true or false (everyone until 20 century) b. Non-cognitivist- not declarative, not saying anything, not making a statement i. Thanks for paying me back. “You did the right thing!” 1. “Hooray” ii. Rooting for Oklahoma v. rooting for UT 1. Not true or false, they don’t agree or disagree, they’re just rooting 3. Relativism a. Relatively true i. True in relation to our society b. If I believe it’s true, it’s true 4. Relatively true v. true, relative to a. Relatively true- things make it true or false, but it may not be completely true or false i. Relative to a set of rules, a principle ii. Cognitivists believe nothing can be relatively true, it must be true or false 5. Moral skepticism a. We can never know the truth value of any moral judgement b. Cognitivists believe that there are some statements that are unarguably morally incorrect, false i. “It’s wrong to stab babies in the eyes for the sake of blinding them” 6. Strong v. weak moral judgement a. Strong- denies the contrary, rule out/exclude the other possibility i. Leave a person with only one option to choose from b. Strong v. weak, obligation v. permissibility 7. Moral v. legal judgement a. MLK broke the law, but it was the right thing to do i. Conscientious objection: not against law in general, accept punishment, but want to change the immoral law(s) ii. Civil disobedience: break the law to change it, prove a point b. You speed (break the law) in order to take someone to the hospital in an emergency i. Morally okay, legally not okay 2