PHL 304, Week 2 Notes Part 2
PHL 304, Week 2 Notes Part 2 PHL 304
Popular in Contemporary Moral Problems
Popular in Philosophy (introduction to bioethics)
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zeba Khetani on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Charles Krecz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Moral Problems in Philosophy (introduction to bioethics) at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
09-12-16 PHL 304 Don Marquis (conservative) 1. Rejection of naïve personhood theory a. Refuses that the fetus is a person, but still treats it like one 2. Abortion and murder a. Abortion is murder except in very early case i. Shows he is not against the morning after pill 3. Birth control a. In favor of it 4. Krezc’s problems a. Analysis of murder i. Murder is wrong b/c you take away their future and b/c they are people ii. What about someone that doesn’t have a future- someone on death row? 1. Is it more wrong to kill a 10-year-old than to kill a guy on death row? b. Analysis of “future” i. Possible future of existent person v fetus ii. Only future of a fetus: possibility of biological growth c. Individuals i. Marquis’exception: wrong to abort unless it’s very early b/c the fetus is not yet an individual ii. What is an individual? And what excludes a fetus from this deﬁnition? 1. Individual = Mary Anne Warren’s “person” Judith Jarvis Thompson 1. Though the fetus is not a person from the moment of conception, we’ll pretend it is. 2. Even if it is a person from the moment of conception and thus has the right to life, it doesn’t follow that it is wrong to kill it. 3. Violinist analogy (esp. With rape) 4. The right to life does not guarantee the right to use another person’s body. The right to life only implies the right not to be killed unjustly. 5. The people seed analogy 6. The abortion might be “morally indecent” 7. Problem: what about special responsibility? She says this responsibility is a choice, not automatically assumed. a. Is it still permissible if she decided to keep the fetus and then decides not to keep it after a few months? No. 2
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