PHL 304, Week 5 Notes Part 1
PHL 304, Week 5 Notes Part 1 PHL 304
Popular in Contemporary Moral Problems
Popular in Philosophy (introduction to bioethics)
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zeba Khetani on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 304 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Dr. Charles Krecz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Moral Problems in Philosophy (introduction to bioethics) at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
09-26-16 PHL 304 1. Preliminary Remarks a. Large variety of sexual options available makes it more complex than abortion b. Under what conditions is sex morally permissible? c. Western communities have some conditions that are absolutely not okay: i. Rape, date rape, gang rape, statutory rape- physically and psychologically damaging ii. Adults with children iii. Incest 2. Conventional (Traditional) Sexual Morality a. Def 1: morally permissible sex in marriage only b. Def 2: morally permissible sex in marriage and only for the purpose of creating a baby c. Impermissible: masturbation, homosexuality, oral/anal sex 3. Arguments for Conventional Sexual morality: a. The naïve religious argument: God commands that only procreative sex within marriage is permissible i. Problems: why does God command it? b. The “natural ends” argument: i. Aquantis: natural aim/primary purpose of sexual activity is to produce new life ii. Aristotle: everything in nature has a goal iii. Anything that comes in the way of the natural end is morally incorrect 1. Morally incorrect: contraception, abortion, homosexuality, masturbation iiii. Problems: why is there only one primary purpose? c. The utilitarian argument- if we conﬁne sex to marriage, that would make to a better society i. Problems: how do pre-marital sex and homosexuality threaten marriage? 2
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