Day 1. History Lecture
Day 1. History Lecture PSC 168
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Venegas on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 168 at University of California - Davis taught by Eva Schepeler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 145 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Day One Wednesday, September 21, 2016 5:55 PM A. Prehistoric Superstitions a. Demon Possession - Ways to "deal" with it historically. i. Trephining (drilling a hole in to the school to allow the demons to escape. 1. Whilrling ice pick in to skull/brain. ii Exorcism B Early Scientific Explanations a Hippocrates (Greece - ca. 400 B.C.) i Theory of "Imbalance of Humors" i.e. imbalance of fluids. (Four Humors: Choleric, melancholic, phlegmatic, sanguinic) 1. Talking about imbalance of neurotic transmitters. 2. Can bring about mental illnesses such as: a. Melancholia (Depression) b. Mania (opposite of depression) c. Hysteria d. Dementia ii He also recognized importance of 1 Mental illnesses have biological roots 2 Heredity has important role 3 Psychosocial factors also play a role a. Ex. Ppl good under his care, relapse when go back to same environment ii Treatment Ethic 1 First do no harm! a. Ex. Do nothing that was done to them. B Return to Superdtitions a Dark Middle Ages (5th-10th centuries) i Ppl. Would chain them, beat them, waterboard. b Mass Madness (13th C.) i Contagious 1 Ex: Tarantism: Dance Mania (stung by tarantula, had to dance to cure it. Would die of dehydration and exhaustion. a. Only way to get over it, MUSIC therapy. Ppl. would march and calm down 2 Ex: Lycanthropy: Belief to be turning in to a wolf. a. Term "lunatic" deemed. b. Believe phases of the moon have something to do with mental health. b Witchcraft (15th through 17th C.). i Not all ppl. burned @ stake. But, assumed to be associated or possessed by devil. B Renaissance and Rise of Humanism (late 15th. C.). a "Bedlam" (Chaos or refers to something chaotic.) St. Mary's of Bethlehem in London i Exists as imperial war museum in London now. b Gradual return to rational, scientific thought. c Emphasis on human welfare. B Reform Movements a Moral treatment Movement (Europe, 18th C.). i NOT a moral treatment. ii Looks at disorders w/individuals who are sick and who we should treat as humanely as possible to revert them back to "normal" ways of relating. iii Phillipe Pinel (Paris) 1 Hospital w/ppl w/mental illness, demented folks, criminals. ALL housed together. 2 Treated like wild animals. b American Reformers (19th C.) i Benjamin Rush (17465-1813) 1 "Father of American Psychiatry" (Penn. Hospital) 2 Worked @ first hospital of the poor. 3 Promoted building institution that specialized in curing mentall
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