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Notes 9/23-9/26

by: Miranda Carpenter

Notes 9/23-9/26 Comm 201

Miranda Carpenter
U of L
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About this Document

Here are 2 days of notes in case anyone has missed them! They are based off both the teacher's powerpoint and class discussion.
Intro to Communication
Dr. Ashlock
Class Notes
Intro to Communication




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miranda Carpenter on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 201 at University of Louisville taught by Dr. Ashlock in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Communication in Strategic Communication at University of Louisville.

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Date Created: 09/28/16
Intro to Communication Class Notes 9/23 4.1 Our perceptions determine understandings and out actions  Identities are influenced by/influence perception  Perception & Identity are intertwined 4.2 Perception is the process of selection, organization, and interpretation We collect and understand information through our senses 1. Selection a. Conscious/unconscious stimuli b. Selective attention—focus on stimuli; selected by: i. Aspects of identity ii. Features of another person or object iii. Our own goals 2. Organization i. Recognize and order stimuli ii. Make sense and respond accordingly b. Cognitive representation = mental model c. Cognitive maps – general outlines i. Prototypes – influence communication behavior ii. Interpersonal scripts – keep us from making too many social mistakes d. Categorization i. Labeling  view in one dimension ii. Stereotype – overgeneralizing attributes of members in a group e. Interpretation i. Assign meaning to stimuli ii. Frame- structure shaping how people interpret perceptiom 1. Life experience, interaction, personality Intro to Communication Notes 9/26 1. Interpretation (Continued) a. Attribution i. Attribution theory ii. Attributional awareness iii. Self-serving bias iv. Fundamental attribution error 1. Ex: Driver who cuts you off is a jerk Attribution Theory: you are likely to attribute internal cause to unexpected behavior – such as laughter during a sad movie  Many factors influence how we interpret and respond to sensory information 1. Physical differences 2. Personality and individual characteristics  Emotional stats  One’s outlook on life  Knowledge 3. Cognitive complexity  Think about a topic in which you know a lot of info  Levels of detail and numbers of our constructs  More constructs for things that interest us  Constructs develop with age  Interpersonal contructs 4.4 Role of Power  Your relative position of power influences how others perceive you and how you perceive others and the world  It also affects how you see people of different social standing and racial bias The Role of Culture Sensory model Every culture emphasizes a few of the five senses These cultural teachings affect how we perceive the world The cultural backgrounds influence what people talk about and how they communicate The Role of Social Comparison  Social Comparison leads to expectations about how others should or should not behave  Ethnocentrism o Viewing the group you identify with as the standard Stereotypes o Defines what we expect from a group o leads to prejudice Prejudice o Ego-defensive function protects sense of self worth o Value-expression function helps you view your values and norms as correct The Role of Historical Time Period  The historical time period you live in influences your perception and communication  Cohort effect o Historical events influence perceptions of people who grew up in a given generation Social Roles  Specific Position you hold in society influences your perceptions and communications  Unethical characterization  Communication about groups involving derogatory terms  You are responsible for how you influence the world 4.6 Perceptual Process can be improved 1. Engage in mindfulness 2. Separate facts from inferences 3. Rely on perception checking


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