Week 1 Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Scrivner on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2097 at Florida State University taught by Anna Amundson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
8/26 Notes Spain and the New World Terms: Encomienda system first Spanish system in the new world, slave system, economic, protected them from war so the Spanish can control them. Diego DeLanda: moved on to take land for Spanish and look for resources and convert people he met to become catholic. Most his man became sick. Place to mission to the Maya, he studied them. Toturer, went back to Europe for his crimes but was appointed bishop Protestant Reformation: Our Lady of Guadalupe: populated mexico, 1511 indian reported of looking at the virgin Mary, she told this person to build a church, this shows the mixing of Spanish and indigenous. La Florida Spanish explorers traveled around Florida 1565, discovered French had a settlement, Spain key operating power for Florida Timuia Appalachee Guale: Dutch West India Corporation came to North America two years after English, first permanent settlement was fort orange 1609, where Albany new York is. Dutch was looking for a message to Asia, the Netherlands was economic powerhouse, making great strands with the art and sciences. They briefly controlled Brazil, enjoyed in some freedoms that weren’t common in Europe like freedom of speech, and religious rights. All types of groups settled in the Netherlands. They put Indians in the fur trade. Required tribal groups to buy their land. Controlled the African trade 1650 had more slaves in America than the British. Dutch women could sue in court, borrow property, and buy their own land, and left land for men and women. Religious freedom. Some Tribe resisted from moving out from their homeland Spanish vs Euro= difference how they dealt with the natives. Mayans vs Spanish= Spanish wanted to convert them under religious influence, they met after the Mayans lost a war making the Mayans vulnerable. Spanish authorities let the mayans to keep their leadership position. Spanish changed the naming system. Innovations: court system to inforce land boundaries. Monks generous to Maya. 1540 completely convert to their beliefs. 1562 hunters reported their findings to purge them from their beliefs. 4800 tortured Mayans killed themselves or ran away to get away from the church. Labor was significance, tribes still practiced their traditions and customs even when they were being tortured Big picture: Europeans never questioned, why? They believed their culture was superior to others. They thought everyone would convert to their religion, however, once the tribed rejected them, the Europeans called them barbaric and nomads. 1492: Jewish and Islamic people were kicked out of Spain if they didn’t convert Spanish empire was bigger than the Roman Empire Spanish empire created the first university: in Mexico End enslavement of slaves, forced labor, Spanish paid for labor. The elites from spain, 1700 american Spanish born took control Timuia Appalachee Guale: all three of these groups were different, they carried supplies, harvested crops, built roads, Appalachee built ranches with cattle. Overwork, and disease brought a quarter of all three population. But still maintaining their customs and traditions even in the face of outbreak of disease Chiefs stopped sending workers to the Spanish, minor colonial outpost= FL Notes Spanish Florida Terms List: Queen Elizabeth IEngland became a colonial power, took the throne at 1558 for 50 years, she executed catholic, she wanted to unite the English society Sir Walter Raleighcame to Roanoke and all his people were gone, CROATOAN, mystery of where the people go. Jamestown1607 first permanent colony in the New World, Virginia Company left 400 people there to look for trade and crops, malaria was a cause of the colonist to die. 161680% of the people died. Any male who paid for his own passage would receive land. English depended on indentured servants, men or woman mostly English, and Ireland Germany even African, sign a contract to work until their time is over. Tobacco john ralph experimented, most of the servants would work on it, and tobacco saved Jamestown to survive. 1600s1700s 12000 population from England to the new world Maryland lookalike from Jamestown, also did tobacco as a crop, religious tensions between Catholics and Protestants. Puritans in Holland/ New England Squanto kidnapped and sent to Spain, but came back to North America, he reached out to the Puritans and with him learning English in London, he helped the puritans to build a relationship between other local tribes. Roger Williams he rejected the idea of the puritans that they were God’s elect. He didn’t believe that a person could be charged due to religious laws, he was banished to Rhode Island, where he gave religious freedoms. Anne Hutchinson she criticized the preaching she heard, she called meetings at her home, false preaching told people, she was sent to a meeting with the church’s leaderships and said that she didn’t need Puritans preachers so she was banished. Went to Rhode Island and long island. Died through a raid of Indians English settles were a diverse groups: Businessmen, religious freedom for themselves, Cheapskee colony: English brought a large amount of settlers to repopulate that land. English took over Ireland 1500s 1585 Roanoke being the first settlement, Queen allowed Walter to operate there. 7 servants sent to Roanoke for a year to clear the land. Women most marriages lasted less than 8 years due to the death rate. All the women would marry or already married. Limited power, women lasted longer. Made most decisions after the husband died. Femme sole women alone, temporarily have a legal status. Landless poor white people who caused trouble. Church was the state. This group moved to Virginia but moved to mass. They didn’t want to be known as Dutch so they left to the new world. Puritans wanted to purify the England church. Calvinism= Puritans Puritans didn’t have bishops, they didn’t believed in baptisms, they believed that you should read the Bible for yourself. Living a good life was that you were Elite, whereas if you are poor you are damned. Puritans wanted to set a city upon a hill, to save their city from social decay. They established a village that was populated with Native Americans. Small pox. Squanto kidnapped and sent to Spain, but came back to north America, he reached out to the Puritans and with him learning English in London, he helped the puritans to build a relationship between other local tribes. Puritans believed they were sent from God to do this passage. Peace and prosperity. Everyone was responsible… Rich people got the best land. You had to earn your faith by saying a confession in front of people. Women and blacks could be in church, however they couldn’t be leaders. 8/31 Notes Key Terms: Triangle Trade Route Raw materials from new world, manufactured good from old world to Africa, slaves from Africa to new world. 1400s1600s would fight for control, English was majority of the power of the trade. Africa was looked upon as savage, less intelligent so bound to be slaves. Olaudah Equiano he was captured when he was 11 in 1740s lived 60 years after that, he traveled to Barbados to Virginia to England. Slave traders preferred young men. Africans would commit suicide by eating clay so they don’t have to be a slave. He described the struggle in the slave ships, rapes, sickness, underfed, forced fed, 1/10 ships used the uprising. 2/3 of slaves to see America. Once they got there, they will have to learn a new language, a new work. 4 years “Black Alice” first slaves in the colony was from South America, Africans 1716 Virginia, Quakers struggled the morality with slavery. Alice was born a slave in Philly 1686. 40 years she was a toll keeper. She was famous for knowing William Penn, she couldn’t read but she listened to people reading the bible. Slaves in the north never did farm work, Northers worked for a wage, nicer relationships in the North. New England laws prohibited masters from killing their slaves. Slaves could fight in wars, 5% only was enslaved in the north. Phillis Wheatley she expressed her issues with poetry, the family let her learn to read, she was educated with reading all types of books. 13 was when she published her first poetry, she didn’t address herself as a slave. She had to prove her abilities. First African to write poetry, and first women to talk about political Bacon’s Rebellion first Africans were indentured servants, at least a few indentured servants had their own servants. Virginia put the status with slaves were slave for life, they banned marriage between different races. Conversions to a didn’t religion was illegal, and if their masters wanted to let them go. 1675, Nathaniel bacon led a landless group of whites, they wanted to open the western land for settlement. People wanted land so they revolt against Native Americans and blacks joined them, they burned the only main city, Jamestown. This is what happens when poor white people want land. Chesapkee was overwhelmingly black and enslaved. Slaves started to form relationships between slaves. Reproduction was depended on compared to shipments. 1700s slaves were working a year round, they got one week off around Christmas and a few days around Easter. All colonies had slave codes, with how they should deal with slaves and everyone supported it.
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