John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism Summary Notes
John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism Summary Notes Phil 2010
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by D'Angel Brooks on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 2010 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Edward Cox in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
John Stuart Mill's – Utilitarianism Key Terms: Consequentialism: Any action is right or wrong entirely because of the effects of the action (not the intentions or the virtuous character of the person acting) Hedonism: The only intrinsically good thing is pleasure and the absence of pain Intrinsic goods: are the things that are good in and of themselves, not for some other purpose. According to Mill, pleasure and the absence of pain are the only intrinsically good things. Instrumental goods: are the things that are good for some benefit they produce. Going to the dentist is only instrumentally good since trips to the dentist tend to be unpleasant but beneficial to the health of one's teeth. Egalitarianism: Each person's happiness is as important as everyone else's. Utility Principle: the best action is the one that brings about the most total pleasure with the least total pain. Measuring of Pleasure/Pain Duration Intensity Certainty Remoteness Repeatability Purity Extent Advantages of Utilitarianism Practical Consistent Egalitarian : treats everyone equally Compete Explain moral judgements by connecting them to moral principle Naturalistic: based on real, measurable facts Utilitarianism Summary Utilitarianism : The best action is one that maximizes pleasure/minimizes pain for everyone equally Consequentialism Hedonism Egalitarianism