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Surrealism and Dada

by: Bridget Dixon

Surrealism and Dada ART 3683

Bridget Dixon
OK State
GPA 3.9

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About this Document

These notes cover lecture on Sept. 22.
History of 20th Century Art
Dr. Siddons
Class Notes
Art, history, Art History, dada, surrealism
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridget Dixon on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 3683 at Oklahoma State University taught by Dr. Siddons in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see History of 20th Century Art in Art History at Oklahoma State University.


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Date Created: 09/28/16
Surrealism and Dada Surrealism is a French word “sur” – over, above, Higher than, augmented reality Sigmund Freud (Austrian, 1856-1939) and psychoanalysis Ideas have been discredited Offered new insight into how the mind works Psychoanalysis – trying to figure out the unconscious “reality principle” vs. “pleasure principle” sublimation – changes desires into a creative activity repression – hides desires oral, anal, phallic stages id (pleasure), ego (sense of self), superego (conscience and ego ideal) healthy revelation of repressed desires: dreams, parapraxis, and jokes unhealthy revelation of repressed desires: neurosis, paranoia, schizophrenia Dada Art can enhance and highlight nonsense Uses collage to make use think about things differently Surrealist Inspired by Freud Introduced chance into making artwork Connecting object to emotional affect Believed in a fundamental unity Wanted to get rid of intention Group work Fold paper and each person draws on a panel Biomorphic (or organic-abstract) Surrealism Reaction to cubism Curved, natural forms Andre Masson (French, 1896-1987) Used collage (sand) Draw without thought…image will be the product of the self-conscious Meret Oppenheim (German-Swiss, 1913-1985) Abstracts a cup by covering with fur Fur emphasizes curves Jean Arp (German-French (Alsatian), 1886-1966 Accidental composition Used a lot of word in his pieces Naturalistic Surrealism Basically illustration Hyper representational Salvador Dali (Catalan/Spanish, 1904-1989) Yves Tanguy (French, Joan Miro (Catalan/ Spanish, 1893, 1983) Simplifies as time goes on


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