WWI and The Futurists
WWI and The Futurists ART 3683
Popular in History of 20th Century Art
Popular in Art History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridget Dixon on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 3683 at Oklahoma State University taught by Dr. Siddons in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see History of 20th Century Art in Art History at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
World War I and Futurism Futurism (Italy, founded 1909) Multimedia movement (poem, painting, music) First large manifesto Associated with anarchism Interested in relaxing of limitations Show speed Supporters of Mussolini and his Fascist gov’t Manifesto – statement of artistic goals, usually confrontational “Manifesto of Futurism” 1909 written by Marinetti shows interest in modern technology and war Mescaline rhetoric – thought culture was becoming feminized Published first in book of poems, then newspaper in Italy, and another newspaper Audience = French avant garde Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (Italian, b. Egypt, 1876-1944) Believed in Words of Freedom Edited lacerba – periodical Relationship between text and image Typeface, size, and position all indicate how to read the poetry Think El Lissitzky Enjoyed speed as well. Giacomo Balla (1871/4-1958) Painting of dog on leash shows speed Streetlight – communicates the intensity of light Rays become physical things pushing at the bounderies of darkness Named children Propeller and Light Shows his interest in motion and light Deriving visual effects from earlier photography Studies in motion Eadweard Muybridge Etienne-Jules Marey Relationship between photography and art become more collaborative (photography = inspiration) Luigi Russolo (1885-1947) Became a futurist in 1910 Visual artist and musician Used repetition to symbolize motion Begins thinking about the noises the city makes “Awakening of the City” 1913 invents intonarumori – instruments that make street noises does a performance and it pissed off the audience; violence was encouraged Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916) Relationship to cubism Sculpture Unique forms in Continuity in Space Subject is really motion as a fluid experience Drippy look shows this fluidity Reference to military Head looks like an ancient helmet (violence) Reference to classical history Gino Severini (1883-1966) Carlo Carra (1881-1966) “Patriotic Celebration” Freeword Painting Sense of rotation can be seen Vorticism Percy Wyndham Lewis (Bristish, 1886-1957) Positioned himself in opposition to cubism Said he wants more activity Urban subjects Also said he did not want to be avfuturists Not interested in cinematography Much more dynamic than cubist paintings Produces and illustrates Blast Attacks 19 century art for being sentimental Abstraction, angularity, bold lines, linoleum cut Francis Picabia Tried to illustrate Dada as a movement Still relies on mechanics, but more playfully
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