HIST 307 Lecture Notes 9/26 and 9/28 (Week 6)
HIST 307 Lecture Notes 9/26 and 9/28 (Week 6) HIST 307
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alaina Notetaker on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 307 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by James Wilson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Louisiana history in History at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
9/26 • West Florida Revolt - 1810 Spanish territory Saw themselves as Americans In 1810, they worked up an agreement among themselves where they would elect their own electives and run their own small government and also had a Spanish govenor; Spanish governor went along with it but secretly wrote to Spain to send in reinforcement The letter was found and the people of the colony acted; seized control of the land and they easily gained control over Spanish troops Named themselves the Republic of West Florida in 1810 and they draft of a flag They write to the president and ask to be annexed into the United States; they are annexed in 1812 • St. Domingue Migration of 1809 Population of New Orleans ‣ 1806 • Whites - 6,311 • FPC - 2,312 • Slaves - 8,278 • Total: 17,001 ‣ Refugees • Whites - 2,731 • FPC - 3,102 • Slaves - 3,226 • Total: 9,059 ‣ 1810 • Whites - 8,001 • FPC - 5,727 • Slaves - 10,824 • Total: 24,552 This reinforced the creole population in Louisiana These people were very important in shaping the character of New Orleans Biggest fear was that the slaves coming were going to cause a revolt • Slave Revolt of January 8, 1811 The revolt reverberated around the country because of the large number of enslaves people involved and the organized nature of it More than 200 slaves begin revolt towards New Orleans but then are stopped after encountering military troops Charles Deslondes: high ranking slave in the militia; slave driver- not a typical field hand, he was in an elevated position; he had a degree of leadership Jupiter: a slave that was just as involved as Charles; they set a date for the revolt They attempt to kill the slave owner, they kill his young son instead; the owner flees and let's people know what is happening The slaves were hoping to find a large stash of ammunition but they didn't find any They march down the road as more and more slaves join the march Word of the revolt moves fast and other white slave owners are able to flee Wade Hampton: American General who was in charge of the army that cut off the revolters When the slaves encounter the military, many of them are killed Perspective ‣ Slaves and blacks believe the revolt is significant in their fight against the institution of slavery ‣ To the whites, not many whites were killed and no cities were burned down; they don't see the situation as a big threat; many of the slaves that participated were killed A trial is held at Destrehan Plantation; the slaves that do survive are questioned in search of information of what happened; seen as unsuccessful; they are all found guilty and executed; their heads are placed on stakes around River Road and the city of New Orleans as a warning to slaves • 1812 First state constitution adopted First governor elected (William C.C. Claiborne) ‣ He was overwhelmingly elected governor ‣ He held the colony together and helped get Louisiana to become a state ‣ He makes promises to FPC to become citizens and have a voice; however, slaves were subject to the 3/5ths rule and were considered property at this time Louisiana becomes a state ‣ Before 1812, it was called the Territory of Orleans ‣ As a state, Louisiana would have an official voice in the government through senators and government officials to represent us ‣ The people of Louisiana would now be citizens of the United States Arrival of first steamboat at N.O. (Robert Fulton's New Orleans) ‣ Robert Fulton was from New York and he invented the steam engine ‣ The steam engine allowed a boat no reliance on the wind and made going upstream possible ‣ Goods could now be easily transported up or down the Mississippi ‣ Farmers and sugar caners could now produce more product because the market became bigger ‣ The 1st steam boat to come to New Orleans was called "New Orleans" War of 1812 begins • *** HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH BATTLE OF NEW ORELANS 9/28 • The Louisiana purchase is when history goes from Colonial Louisiana ---> Louisiana History • War of 1812 British plan to defeat the United States President at the time was James Madison; he was married to Dolly Madison The White House is burned down by the British in the war and Dolly Madison is credited with saving important things such as a portrait of George Washington Britain was offering freedom to slaves who supported them and turned on their owners General Andrew Jackson ‣ Exiled to the Florida Pan Handle to fight off Native Americans; wasn't fighting in the real war because he wasn't very well respected and he was looked down upon ‣ He returns back to New Orleans in 1813 ‣ The path of attack on New Orleans. was very unknown because so many different waterways led into the city The war didn't reach Louisiana until the fall of 1814 By the winter of 1814, the two sides of the war entered into peace negotiations TIMELINE ‣ November 22 - Jackson leaves Mobile for New Orleans ‣ December 1 Jackson arrives in New Orleans ‣ December 13 - British sail into Lake Borgne ‣ December 14 - Battle of Lake Borgne ‣ December 17 - Claiborne threatens Jean Laffite ‣ December 23 - Night Battle at Villere Plantation ‣ January 1 - Americans attack the British ‣ January 8 - MAIN BATTLE ‣ January 18 - British retreat to Lake Borgne ‣ March 17 - British sail out of the Gulf • Jean Laffite Born in San Domingue Leaves around the time of the Haitian Revolution and goes to Louisiana "A thorn in the side" of Governor Claiborne People in Louisiana viewed Laffite like a "Robinhood" or a good businessman; he would steal things then sell them at a low price Him and his brother Pierre open a business to sell his goods in the swamps of The Temple, south of New Orleans Governor Claiborne puts a price on Laffite's head. Laffite responds by saying he'll pay more for the head of Claiborne. Pierre Laffite is arrested by Claiborne; by August of 1814 the British send a secret ship to meet with Jean Laffite and they offer a large sum of money and commission in British navy for his support and knowledge of the waterways surrounding New Orleans; he considers the offer carefully but turns it down; Laffite goes to Claiborne and tells of the British seeking knowledge; Claiborne throws him in jail Jackson arrives at this time and starts preparing the city for attack Jackson is the one who points out to Claiborne that Laffite is trying to help the city; Laffite and Claiborne embrace each other; Pierre gets out of jail Also had another brother named Dominique You • General Sir Edward Pakenham British General; he was far more experienced than Andrew Jackson • Battle of New Orleans (Dec 1814-Jan 1815) Total troops ‣ British - 14,500 / 2,459 Casualties ‣ American - 5,000 / 333 Casualties Americans overwhelm the British and Jackson is seen as a hero The treaty that ended the war had been signed on December 15th; therefore, the battle didn't really matter; it was already settled Consequences ‣ Had the British won, they would have controlled the river and part of the United States; The British could have had heavy influence in America and could possibly ignited another war ‣ Andrew Jackson becomes a hero and is elected president; he goes on to be an iconic symbol of the country ‣ The country is able to expand and grow ‣ Also allows the growth of slavery in the United States, 1790-1860
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