Personality Sept 29
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eileen artigas on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLPS 0701 at Brown University taught by Professor Hayden in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Psychoanalysis Records everything, when does person use a defense mechanism, what does this tell you? Point of anxiety, trying to avoid, confront individual offer them insight, potentially upsetting to individual, at some point, maybe able to articulate interpretation, allow individual to modify preexisting defense mechanisms and able to hear what psychoanalysis is saying. Freud- We are all essentially neurotic because the structures evolve when we are children, warps early on, can’t undo it 1. Process Confrontation Clarification Interpretation- isn’t sufficient, intellectual acceptance may be a defense mechanism, separation of affect and idea Working through- interpretation given, explanation given, correlations 2. Technique Free Association Dreams- analysis Resistance- what is the manifestation of this individual. may be as subtle as, dressing provocatively (Anna O.), wanting to please therapist, not really in process of understanding himself but involved in pleasing authority figure, or something is upsetting the individual, trying to displease psychoanalyst Transference (+/-) and Countertransference (+/-) o Transference (can be positive or negative) I may really like my therapist, taking better of myself (trying to impress therapist), reads case study, deflecting attention (use this as part of interpretation) transferring onto other person emotions that are relevant to the past (probably originating with parents) o Countertransference- analyst also human, analyst may have feelings toward patient, keeping session superficial to make patient enjoy 3. Success (Effect Size= .8 large, .5 moderate, .2 small) magnitude of change relative to control group Prozac .26 CBT .58 to 1.0 9 (really effective with certain diagnoses, but much variability with others) (relatively brief therapy- interventions usually no more than 4 or 5 months) General Therapy .73 to .85 Psychodynamic .69 to 1.8 (long term therapy- interventions well over a year than a year and a half) (Psychodynamic therapy- Under attack in the 50s and 60s by medical establishment, biological problem, with right pharmacological intervention, more effective) Interplay between psychoanalyst and client, - listen to intonation, nuances - multiple determinism, everything is interconnected, - being as objective but also tuned into own subjectivity as possible - mindfulness- ability to be in the moment and not fix in tone of voice Does he account for cultural differences? - Awareness of differences not very appreciated (apart from Classical) in Western Europe - Maybe Oedipal complex not universal (i.e. Japan, in Buddhism mother very strong relationship with son, goddess helps son grow up by rejecting him) - What is universal may be the playing out of a necessary relationship between child and opposite sex parent, not necessarily Oedipus/ Electra complex - Freud emphasized childhood, after 6 or 7 life is just a repeat of what happened early on in childhood