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CH. 10: Tobacco

by: Tanner Harty

CH. 10: Tobacco PSYC 3303

Tanner Harty
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About this Document

These notes go over the important concepts to know in regards to tobacco that will be tested on the second exam!
Drugs and Behavior
Perry Fuchs
Class Notes
Drugs&Behavior, tobacco




Popular in Drugs and Behavior

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tanner Harty on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3303 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Perry Fuchs in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 289 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Behavior in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 09/29/16
CH. 10: Tobacco  Understand the history behind tobacco use in society (not the early history; more current)  Shows like “The Flintstones”  & “Grease” advertised smoking to encourage it  (differences in the era)  Trends in cigarette sales since 1945: tobacco use and sale has decreased in U.S. over time (different around the world)  Current cigarette use: negative correlation ­ % of most smokers are men (23) and women (19) ­ % of smokers years of education most from people with GED  Smokeless Tobacco: ­ Forms: loose­leaf tobacco & moist snuff ­ “Benefits” compared with cigarettes ­ Health and cosmetic concerns ­ Smokeless tobacco packages carry warning labels ­ There is a slightly lower chance of getting lung cancer using smokeless tobacco  as opposed to regular tobacco, but overall any tobacco use increases the risk of  developing ling cancer ­ More socially acceptable as opposed to cigarettes but still very dangerous to use. ­ One of the most difficult drugs to overcome in terms of addiction!!!  Smoking: adverse health effects: ­ Lung cancer ­ Heart disease ­ Chronic obstructive lung diseases (including emphysema)  There is a relationship with the mortality rate and cigarette use: ­ The more you smoke the higher the mortality rate! ­ Mortality ratios as a function of the age at which smoking started and the # of  cigarettes smoked per day  Smoking while pregnant results in health defects for future child birth (Big no no!)  2 general components of cigarette smoke: ­ Gaseous phase:  o Carbon Monoxide – starves body of oxygen which may result in heart disease; one of the more dangerous gases involved in the drug! ­ Particular phase: o Tar – complex mixture of chemicals contains almost all the toxic compounds;  black gunk that makes fingers black and stains teeth; also effects the  respiratory system (contaminates the air you breath in) o Nicotine: extremely toxic psychoactive substance; one of the most toxic  natural chemicals out there!!!  1 .     Pharmacology of Nicotine: 1.) Absorption and elimination: ­ Inhalation is the most effective and fastest way to get nicotine or drugs in general into the body! ­ Deactivated by the liver before excretion by the kidney 2.) Physiological effects: ­ Mimics acetylcholine (blocking action of this ) ­ Release of adrenaline (increase in heart rate; stimulated more) ­ Inhibits hunger contractions (feel less hungry) ­ Constriction of blood vessels 3.) Behavioral effects: ­ Nicotine is the ring leader for enforcing substance use ­ Very addictive ­ 3 basic concepts: o Tolerance (timing variable) o Physical dependence (withdrawal effect; moderate (doesn’t last long); lasts 3­ 4 days) o Psychological dependence (can last for years; characterized by “cravings”  that come and go!) Conclusions from the 1988 General Surgeons Report: 1. Cigarettes and other tobacco products are very addictive  2. Nicotine causes addiction  3. The pharmacology and behavioral processes that determine tobacco addiction are  relevant to those that determine addiction to drugs such as heroin and cocaine *Big question: why are these products still on the market??? Social and economic statistics on tobacco  487 billion cigarettes  2.5 billion large cigars and cigarillos  14.2 million lbs. of roll­your­own and pipe Tobacco production:  Appropriate tobacco farms are used to harvest the tobacco for further production  Total U.S. harvest was 1.32 billion pounds!!!  Can’t just shut these farms down; could cost many jobs in the process!  Tobacco is one of the most preventable causes of death!  China is the most prevalent place where tobacco use is extremely high; most users are  males  Nicotine patch is a better replacement for cigarette tobacco use


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