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Coun - 405, Week 5 Notes

by: Joe Strano

Coun - 405, Week 5 Notes Coun 405

Joe Strano
GPA 3.93

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About this Document

These notes cover material from Week 5 in Dr. Etzbach's Introduction to Counseling course. The subject matter of this week is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Intro to Counseling
Dr. Colleen Etzbach
Class Notes
Counseling, cognitive, Therapy
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joe Strano on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Coun 405 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Dr. Colleen Etzbach in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Counseling in Counseling at University of Wisconsin - Stout.


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Date Created: 09/29/16
Cognitive Behavior Therapy Wednesday, February 10, 2016 12:24 PM - Goal of Behavior Therapy ○ To change behaviors by either increasing or decreasing specific behaviors - Cognitive‐Behavioral Theory ○ Deal with rationality, thinking processes, & problem solving ○ Instructive, directive & verbally orientated ○ Philosophical assumption is that by changing people's thinking one can change their belief  system, which in turn can change their behavior - 3 types of Cognitive‐behavioral Theory ○ Rational‐emotive(RET) ○ Reality Therapy(RT) ○ Cognitive‐Behavioral(CBT) - Rational Emotive Therapy ○ Developed by Albert Ellis ○ People need to change their way of thinking to correct faulty thinking ○ Cognitive restructuring & irrational thinking ○ People must take full responsibility for themselves & their fates ○ People teach themselves to become irrational - ABC Theory ○ A ‐ Activating experience ○ B ‐ Belief system ○ C ‐ Consequences - Major Constructs of this Theory ○ Problems are caused by irrational beliefs that result in dysfunction ○ People are capable of changing their belief system by refuting irrational beliefs ○ People are born rational but also have inborn propensities to be self‐destructive ○ Emotional disturbance results from  constant irrational beliefs ○ Cognitive & Behavioral approach (Teaching, role‐playing, homework assignments) - Reality Therapy ○ Developed by Glasser ○ Explores client's values & behavioral choices, exposes inconsistencies & enforces  responsibility for those choices ○ People have 2 basic psychological needs:  To be loved & to love  Feel worthwhile ○ Based on premise that people need to be involved with others ○ Teach people to take more control over their lives, make effective choices, develop  responsible behaviors - 2 Fundamental Ways to  Control the World to Meet our Needs ○ To perceive what in the world can satisfy our needs(input) ○ To act upon or control what is perceived to satisfy needs(output) - Major principles ofCognitive‐Behavioral therapies ○ 3 major components of theory of emotional disorders  1. Negative automatic thoughts disrupt one's mood & cause further thoughts to  emerge in a downward thought‐affect spiral  2. Distorted reality based on systematic logical errors such as: □ Arbitrary inference □ Overgeneralization □ Selective abstraction □ Magnification of Minimization □ Personalization □ Dichotomous thinking: All or nothing  3. Depressive Schemas ○ 3 major stages of Cognitive‐Behavioral Therapy  1. Eliciting thoughts, self‐talk, & client's interpretation of them  2. Gathering with client evidence for or against client's interpretations  3. Setting up experiments(homework) to test the validity of client's interpretations &  to gather more data for discussion


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