Coun - 405, Week 5 Notes
Coun - 405, Week 5 Notes Coun 405
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joe Strano on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Coun 405 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Dr. Colleen Etzbach in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Counseling in Counseling at University of Wisconsin - Stout.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Cognitive Behavior Therapy Wednesday, February 10, 2016 12:24 PM - Goal of Behavior Therapy ○ To change behaviors by either increasing or decreasing specific behaviors - Cognitive‐Behavioral Theory ○ Deal with rationality, thinking processes, & problem solving ○ Instructive, directive & verbally orientated ○ Philosophical assumption is that by changing people's thinking one can change their belief system, which in turn can change their behavior - 3 types of Cognitive‐behavioral Theory ○ Rational‐emotive(RET) ○ Reality Therapy(RT) ○ Cognitive‐Behavioral(CBT) - Rational Emotive Therapy ○ Developed by Albert Ellis ○ People need to change their way of thinking to correct faulty thinking ○ Cognitive restructuring & irrational thinking ○ People must take full responsibility for themselves & their fates ○ People teach themselves to become irrational - ABC Theory ○ A ‐ Activating experience ○ B ‐ Belief system ○ C ‐ Consequences - Major Constructs of this Theory ○ Problems are caused by irrational beliefs that result in dysfunction ○ People are capable of changing their belief system by refuting irrational beliefs ○ People are born rational but also have inborn propensities to be self‐destructive ○ Emotional disturbance results from constant irrational beliefs ○ Cognitive & Behavioral approach (Teaching, role‐playing, homework assignments) - Reality Therapy ○ Developed by Glasser ○ Explores client's values & behavioral choices, exposes inconsistencies & enforces responsibility for those choices ○ People have 2 basic psychological needs: To be loved & to love Feel worthwhile ○ Based on premise that people need to be involved with others ○ Teach people to take more control over their lives, make effective choices, develop responsible behaviors - 2 Fundamental Ways to Control the World to Meet our Needs ○ To perceive what in the world can satisfy our needs(input) ○ To act upon or control what is perceived to satisfy needs(output) - Major principles ofCognitive‐Behavioral therapies ○ 3 major components of theory of emotional disorders 1. Negative automatic thoughts disrupt one's mood & cause further thoughts to emerge in a downward thought‐affect spiral 2. Distorted reality based on systematic logical errors such as: □ Arbitrary inference □ Overgeneralization □ Selective abstraction □ Magnification of Minimization □ Personalization □ Dichotomous thinking: All or nothing 3. Depressive Schemas ○ 3 major stages of Cognitive‐Behavioral Therapy 1. Eliciting thoughts, self‐talk, & client's interpretation of them 2. Gathering with client evidence for or against client's interpretations 3. Setting up experiments(homework) to test the validity of client's interpretations & to gather more data for discussion
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