Coun - 405, Week 10 Notes
Coun - 405, Week 10 Notes Coun 405
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joe Strano on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Coun 405 at University of Wisconsin - Stout taught by Dr. Colleen Etzbach in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Intro to Counseling in Counseling at University of Wisconsin - Stout.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Gaining Further Understanding Wednesday, May 11, 2016 12:28 AM - Close ended ○ Questions that can be answered with a single work or short phrase - Open Ended ○ Allow client to express more ○ Require the client to think and reflect ○ Typically begin with "what", "who", "when", or "how" ○ Eliciting Responses Open‐ended questions require more than a minimal one‐word answer by client They are useful forencouraging clients to elaborate and to give information They are introduced with what, where, when, or how? - Issues ○ What is the purpose of my question? ○ How is this purpose therapeutic ‐ how does it help the client? - Areas to gain insighregarding client ○ Problems or challenges ○ Situation or environment - Kinds of Self‐Disclosure ○ The counselors own problems ○ Facts about the counselor's role ○ The counselor's reactions to the client(feedback) ○ The counselor's reactions the counselor‐client relationship Developing a Deeper Understanding Wednesday, May 11, 2016 12:55 AM - Reviewing Content vs. Affect ○ Reflection of feeling is different from restatement of content ○ Reflection of feeling is a mirroring of the feeling or emotion present in message ○ This helps individual to own and express feelings - Discover what is under the surface ○ Seeking clarification ○ Client willingness to explore ○ Allowing silence ○ Identifying strengths and positive factors ○ Expressing understanding and validating individual - Counseling Pitfalls ○ Turning good reflections into questions ○ Interchanging thinking and feelings ○ Vaguely focused reflections ○ Advised couched as a question ○ Question traps ○ Asking too many open ended questions Helping Individuals Change Wednesday, May 11, 2016 1:03 AM - Stages of Change Theory ○ Pre‐Contemplation ○ Contemplation ○ Preparation ○ Action ○ Maintenance - Pre‐Contemplation ○ Denying they have a problem; do not see a need for change - Preparation ○ Preparing to change; thinking about goals; steps necessary to move forward - Contemplation ○ Pros and cons related to make a change ○ Realizes there is a problem; not rea to move forward - Action ○ Taking steps to make change ○ Ready to set goals and take action - Maintenance ○ Address ways to cope with temptations ○ Strategies to not fall into "old ways" - Relapse ○ Can be a positive thing ○ Plan for relapses - Social Cognitive Theory ○ Also called Social Learning Theory ○ Impact of environmental, personal and behavioral factors on readiness to change ○ Personal, behavioral, and environmental factors interact and influence each other - Assessing Readiness to Change ○ Does the environment support or encourage changed behavior ○ Does the person believe he/she has the capacity to make the change ○ Does person see value/positive outcome in changing - Assessing Motivation to Change ○ Personal factors ○ Is person experiencing discomfort ○ Environmental factors ○ Court order, peer/family pressure ○ Relationship with counselor - Avoiding a Problem ○ Discounting ‐ Minimizing its significance or denying it's an issue - 4 Levels of Discomfort ○ Thinking there is no problem ○ Realizes problem exists, but is not significant ○ Believing nothing can be done ○ Realizing others have hanged this behavior or situation, but no not think they can change
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