Lecture Note 1: Talking About Music
Lecture Note 1: Talking About Music MUSI 2040
Popular in History of Popular Music
Popular in Music
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zahra Hakani on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSI 2040 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Naomi Graber in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see History of Popular Music in Music at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Talking About Music Building Blocks o Pitch – how high or low the sound is Interval – space between two pitches; how far apart they are; can be two pitches played at the same time and one after the other Melody – tune o Conjunct melody – intervals are closes together (ex: Ode to Joy) o Disjunct melody – intervals are farther apart; wider; leaps (ex: Amazing Grace) Harmony – notes or intervals played simultaneously; accompanies a melody; usually mostly consonant or dissonant o Consonant – stable, narrow or wide, pleasant o Dissonant – unstable, harsh, uncomfortable, like it wants to move, spooky o Chords – three or more notes played at the same time, accompany a melody (can be consonant or dissonant) Meter – music has a beat/pulse o How is the underlying pulse organized? Duple – groups of two (Ode to Joy) Triple – groups of three (Amazing Grace) o Tempo: How fast is the pulse? o Can be unmetered – no pulse Rhythm – duration of notes in relationship to meter o Syncopated – emphasized strong beats in rhythm don’t line up with meter o Straight – strong beats in rhythm mostly line up with the pulse Texture – how musical lines (voices) relate to each other o Can be thick or thin o Monophonic – only melody, no harmony o Homophonic – melody and accompaniment o Polyphonic – many sounds of equal importance (like two melodies) Word-Music Relationships o Syllabic – one note per syllable (ex: “Do a deer”) o Melismatic – a lot of notes per syllable; elongated (ex: “Chester”) Form o Labeled with letters – A, A’, B, B’, etc o 1 verse of music (complete musical thought) – A o Different section – B o A’ A prime – variation on a section of music (A, A’, A’’) Timbre – tone color or quality of the sound o Music/instrument/piano sound/voice o Senses Ex: sweet, harsh, rough, smooth, reedy, brassy, bright, dark, nasal, thin, rich, buzzy, raspy, shrill, strained, mellow, light
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