Week Four Notes HIST 114
Week Four Notes HIST 114 HIST 114-001
Popular in American History Up Unitl 1877
Popular in American History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Siegesmund on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 114-001 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Ott in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see American History Up Unitl 1877 in American History at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Key Terms Key Information The American Revolution The people our-of-doors – the mob and crowds Most conspicuous aspect of the public sphere Enforce communal values, protest/enforce norms Protect people o Smallpox o Cheated out of money Rough music – if someone violates a social norm, they would assemble and make noise to shame Skinnethon’s ride – put upon a donkey and paraded around town Nov. 5 , burn effigies of the Pope and rough music Legacy of Seven Year’s War Massive debt (150M pounds) Precedent of colonial cooperation British Imperial Pride Proclamation Line Taxes Virtual Representation o Some places that were not represented were “virtually represented” through Parliament Sugar Act of 1764 o Taxes were decreased by ½ o Stiffens enforcement, however, of mercantile laws and takes violators to admiralty court (judges were appointed by the crown and it was held in Nova Scotia) 1/3 smuggled cargo was given to those who prevented smuggling Stamp Act of 1765 o Taxes on all paper (wills, deeds, paper cards, bank notes, etc.) o Internal tax (affected every person) o Unprecedented British tyranny o Responses House of /burgesses Violated their English rights Used to have the right to pass their own laws Those who violate laws are enemies (but never followed up on that) Stamp Act Congress agreed with House Repealed in 1767 because it was unenforceable Everyone despisesthtamp agents o August 17 , 1765 Key Terms Key Information Hang effigies of stamp agent Andrew Oliver and the prime minister Gives a stamp to every person walking by (showed how many people were affected) Goes to Oliver’s warehouse and house and trash both Oliver resigns Sons of Liberty 15 Sons of Liberty Groups Groups in colony who organize mob actions and were in touch with realities on ground Create space for gathering (Liberty Tree, Liberty Hall) o Would voice discontent with British and speak of freedoms o Organize the crowd as intermediates between the commoners and elites o Liberty Tree is a public symbol of colonial freedom and resistance to tyranny o Liberty Poles Many fights would break out because they hated soldiers Committee of Correspondents Check progress with other colonies Kept in touch through letters The Boston Massacre Publicized by Paul Revere as people being killed for no reason John Hancock’s ship in impounded for smuggling o They protest and throw snow and rocks at British troops o Someone yells fire and British began shooting into crowd o 7 people die Exemplary of crowd’s action Townshend Act of 1767 External tax on painter’s colors, glass, lead, paper, and tea Exports only, hit ports hard Met with a boycott “Nonimportation Agreement” that lasts about 3 years, sputters out o Repealed but not on tea in 1770 Not selling as much and the British in Britain lobby for the repeal The Tea Act of 773 Subsidized East India Company Tea and flooded colonies with cheap tea (British do not pay taxes on it and sell it in colonies, but it is still taxed in colonies and colonists know this) Undercut smuggling and legitimate importation of tea Taxed under remaining statue of tea in the Townshend Act Key Terms Key Information Destruction of the Tea (that is what colonists called the Boston Tea Party) o Attempted to get consignees to resign or have Gov. Hutchinson send the tea back o Some were successful “The body” at Old South Meeting house Throws tea into the bay on Dec 16, 1773 while dressed as Mohawk Indians Destroyed the equivalent of $4M of tea NYC also destroyed the tea a few days after Reprisals Intolerable Acts in 1774 o Until the tea is paid for: Shut down Boston harbor (stops all trade) Dissolved local elected government (appointed positions) Quartered troops in private homes o Intended to single out Massachusetts Brings colonies close 1 Continental Congress Sept. 1774 Creates Continental Association which boycotts British goods and halts trade Enforced by Safety Committees – 7,000 strong, mobs/crowds Timid Language o Looking for resolution not revolution Lexington and Concord April 18, 1775 Companies sent to seize militia and they fight Acting on their own Battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775 Cuts down Liberty Tree as they leave Elites’ views June 1775, 2 Continental Congress raises an army and appoints Washington as General Extends the Olive Branch Petition in July o Asking to slow down and get back together Has a good life and doesn’t want a revolution However, too afraid of the mob Colonial assemblies and elites don’t really have control because they are worried about an anarchy from below and the extended liberties of the mobs Key Terms Key Information Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Turning point Attacked British constitution and hereditary monarchy Outlined new opportunities beyond the empire and its ancient conflict A vision of a new asylum for mankind and freedom Power is corrupt Moved colonists towards independence Declaration of Independence 15 months after battle 6 months after Common Sense John Locke’s rights New statement about what government should be made up like in the future o However, Thomas Jefferson doesn’t have many of these views Driven by mobs and people out-of-doors The mobs were more like the founding fathers Our country’s movements and protests make the most change, not our government High importance of the people on the ground War went until 1783 o Battle of Saratoga is the key event
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