Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes PSY 1010
Popular in General Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shannan Dillen on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at Ohio University taught by Sandra Hoyt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Chapter 1: Psychology: The Evolution of a Science Intro to Psychology Psychology – scientific study of behavior and the mind What makes it scientific? Theories, hypotheses, experiments, replication What is behavior? Overt actions that can be observed and recorded What is the mind? Thoughts, feelings, beliefs, consciousness, etc. Theories that Inform Psychology Wilhelm Wundt, 1879, Germany 1 lab dedicated to study of psychology Structuralism – the basic structures of the mind William James, 1879, United States st 1 lab in United States Functionalism – functions of the mind; its purpose Modern Theories Psychodynamic Theory (or Psychoanalytic Theory) Sigmund Freud – neurologist o Unconscious thoughts o Sex and death o Childhood experiences o Theory of Personality Development Today used primarily in therapy applications Behaviorism (Behavioral Theory) Watson, Skinner, Pavlov Only study what is directly observable o Rules out unconscious as well as conscious thoughts and feelings Learning – how we learn various behaviors Used in research as well as therapy Dominant theory for almost 40 years Cognitive Theory Piaget, Taifel, many others Thought processes, memory, problem solving Computer as analogy for the mind Dominant perspective today Used in research and therapy Humanistic Theory Maslow, Rogers Human potential Therapy and application to other disciplines Bio Psychological Theories Gazzaniga, many others Brain, neurons, chemicals, hormones, genetics Research and therapy Evolutionary Psychology Buss, Ekman, many others Adaptations that shape psychological traits and behaviors Day-to-Day Work of Psychologists Clinical/counseling Academics Industry Health fields Education
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