New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 7: Self-incrimination, Confessions, and Identification Procedures

by: Chelsey Smith

Chapter 7: Self-incrimination, Confessions, and Identification Procedures CJ 433

Marketplace > University of Southern Mississippi > Criminal Justice > CJ 433 > Chapter 7 Self incrimination Confessions and Identification Procedures
Chelsey Smith
GPA 3.9

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes will be included on our midterm next week. They cover components of self-incrimination, prosecutorial immunity, confession analysis, and identification procedures.
Evidence Search & Seizure
Robert Whitacre
Class Notes
Evidence, search, Seizure, Criminal Justice, Confessions, self-incrimination, Miranda
25 ?




Popular in Evidence Search & Seizure

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsey Smith on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 433 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Robert Whitacre in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Evidence Search & Seizure in Criminal Justice at University of Southern Mississippi.


Reviews for Chapter 7: Self-incrimination, Confessions, and Identification Procedures


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/29/16
CJ 443- Evidence, Search, and Seizure September 21, 2016 Chapter 6- Preserving Evidence: Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement Warrantless Actions Based on Probable Cause 1. Search Incident to Arrest a. Chimel v CA- court developed arm span rule- the search must be limited to immediate control of arrestee so as to discover concealed weapons or dispose of evidence (cannot search entire house or car without search warrant) i. Arrest must be lawful ii. Arrest must result with person taken into custody b. Probable cause must precede the search and must take place soon after i. Gant v AZ- driving with a suspended license- the cop searches whole car and found cocaine in car- the evidence found was suppressed because the arrestee or evidence posed no threat 2. Exigent Circumstances- when it’s impractical to secure search warrant a. 3 Circumstances i. Hot Pursuit ii. Likelihood of escape and danger to others 1. MN v Olson- getaway driver to murder case was surrounded in his apartment complex the next day without warrant- the murder weapon and murderer had already been discovered- court held that exigent circumstance did not exist iii. Evanescent Evidence- disappears quickly such as drugs/ alcohol in the blood 1. Not enough time to collect evidence with warrant 2. There is a clear indication that the search will find evidence 3. The search is conducted in a reasonable manner 3. Automobile Searches a. Must be an automobile b. Must be premised on probable cause c. Must be impractical to obtain warrant 4. Plain View Doctrine a. Must have lawful access to objects b. Object must be immediately apparent as criminal i. Example: cops investigating apt with bullet shot through ceiling and notice brand new stereo equipment that does not match the rest of the surroundings- the stolen equipment is not immediately apparent even though it didn’t match home Warrantless Actions Based on Reasonable Suspicion 1. Investigative Encounter a. Terry v Ohio i. Distinguish between a frisk and a stop 1. Stop always precedes frisk, but doesn’t equate to the right to frisk. Officer must have individual justifications for each stop and frisk 2. To conduct a frisk, the officer must believe the person is armed and dangerous 2. Station House Detention- Fingerprinting a. Davis v MS 1955- rape investigation in Meridian where officers brought in 26 African American males and fingerprinted all without arrest or warrant. One male was detained longer and transported to Jackson and back to Meridian where he was fingerprinted again once jailed- object unlawfully detained i. Requirements for Station House Detentions to allow Fingerprinting 1. Officer has reasonable suspicion to believe person committed a crime 2. Reasonable belief that fingerprint will inculpate or exculpate 3. When procedure is carried out promptly 7 Types of Warrantless Actions Based on Administrative Justification 1. Inventory Search- auto and personal a. Personal- when a person’s clothes are taken when booked into jail, all of their belongings are accounted for b. Auto- when a care is impounded an inventory is taken of the contents to protect the police and public from accusation of stealing i. 3 Auto Inventory Elements 1. Must be lawful impoundment 2. Must be of a routine nature- standards of operating procedures 3. Cannot be a pre-textual whereas the officers make up an excuse to search the vehicle 2. Home Inspections- such as a fire marshal checking fire extinguishers and smoke detectors 3. Checkpoints- a. In a vehicle, drunk driving checkpoints must include all drivers to be stopped for it to be legal 4. School Disciplinary Searches- teacher with reasonable suspicion that a search would yield evidence 5. Searches of Government Employers- does not imply private employers 6. Drug and Alcohol Testing- a. Ferguson v Charleston (90s) the hospital staff working in collusion with law enforcement made a criteria of pregnant women who needed to pee in a cup and would be charged with child neglect- was a state operated hospital- not legal because the results were shared without the consent of the patients- now they always test pregnant mothers but without targeting specific groups b. Athletes in public schools c. Employees 7. Probation Supervision Searches Consent 1. voluntary- totality of circumstances 2. third party- land lord cannot give consent 3. roommate- can give consent to common areas but not private rooms


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.