Psych. Week 6. September 28,2016
Psych. Week 6. September 28,2016 PSYC 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nafiha Chowdhury on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Sorensen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Chapter 4: Developing Through the Life Span September 28, 2016 - Developmental Psychology, study of cognitive, and social change throughout the life span. - Developmental Psychology’s Major Issues • Nature vs. Nurture, how is our development influenced by the interaction between our genetic inheritance and experiences? • Continuity and Stages, what part of development are gradual and continuos and what parts change abruptly? - Gradual and Continuous, changes you’ll notice if you’ve been gone for a while. • Stability and Change, which of our traits persist and which change through life? - Will our traits stay the same or while they change over time? - Prenatal Development • Stages of Prenatal Development - Zygote, developing from conception to 2 weeks. • Fertilized egg • Rapid multiplication of cells. • Develops into an embryo. - Embryo, devoting from 2 weeks to the second month/9 weeks. • Heart starts beating. • Organs start to form and function. - Fetus, developing from 9 weeks to birth. • Starts looking like a baby. • Can hear. • Age of Viability, the age the fetus can be to survive outside of the mothers womb, which is 24 weeks/6 months. • Teratogens, chemicals and viruses that can reach embryo or fetus and cause harm. - FetalAlcohol Syndrome (FAS), physical and mental abnormalities. - Street/Recreational Drugs - Therapeutic Drugs - Caffeine - Nicotine - Environmental Chemicals, Ex. to much lead in water. - Maternal Infectious Diseases, Ex. zika. - Critical Period, when you need a chemical or experience so that the right development can happen. - Infancy and Childhood • Physical Development - Brain Mutation, influenced by both genes and experiences. • Synaptic Pruning, lots of gaps or to many synapses. This causes them to become mentally retarded. • Infant Memory, remembers voices of the father and mother. They remember a lot but just can’t tell us. - Motor Skills, develops very slowly. • Sit. Crawl. Walk • Cognitive Development, all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. - Piaget’s Theory and Current Thinking, his studies let him to believe that a child's mind develops through a series of stages. • Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2 years), during this time infants know the world mostly by their sensory impressions and motor skills. By looking, hearing, feeling, mouthing, or grasping. - Schema, something that organizes and interprets information. Understanding. - Assimilation, taking new experiences and putting it into an already existing understanding (Schema). - Accommodate, new experiences that will make you change your schema to make it work. To change our understandings in order to incorporate the new information. - Object Permanence, things that are hidden don’t exist. Ex. When playing peek a boo. • Pre operational Stage (2 to 7 years), during this time a child learn to use language but still does not comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic. - Symbolic Thought, they can understand or take representation of thingy with a symbol, word, image, sound. - Limitations of Stage: • Egocentrism, unable to see somebody else’s point of view. Very difficult for them to perceive things from another’s perspective. - Theory of Mind, peoples ideas about their own and others meant; state, about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts, and the behaviors these might predict. • Failure to Conserve, the properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite the changes in the form of objects. (Piaget’s Test of Conservation) • Concrete Operational Stage (7 to 11 years), the child gains the mental operations that enable them to think logically about actual experiences. - Conservation, can be logical only when it is seen. - Arithmetical Operation, mathematical transformations. • Formal Operational Stage (12 to adulthood), during this stage people begin to think logically about abstract concepts. - Thinking abstractly - Hypothetical thinking, “If this happens then what will happen?” Potential for mature reasoning.
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