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History 2510 - Week 1 Class Notes

by: Olivia Notetaker

History 2510 - Week 1 Class Notes 10467

Marketplace > University of Detroit Mercy > History > 10467 > History 2510 Week 1 Class Notes
Olivia Notetaker
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These notes are from class during week 1.
United States Since 1877
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 10467 at University of Detroit Mercy taught by Sumner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see United States Since 1877 in History at University of Detroit Mercy.


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Date Created: 09/29/16
9/7/2016 An "Incomplete" Reconstruction (1865­1877)  The Civil War: 1861­1865 o A Civil War refers to a war where a country if fighting within itself. o Civil Wars are usually the bloodiest wars due to the fact that they are personal   "The Moving Number": refers to the number of people killed during the Civil War. After historians find  new items from the Civil War, the number of people dead moves up.  o Started at 600,000. Now at 730,000  Reconstruction was lead by Northern Politicians o The South was very devastated after war   Neither Lincoln nor Congress gave much attention to the South's land and labor  problems.  Abraham Lincoln was President during the Civil War  o He firmly believed that reconstruction was a matter of executive responsibility   Frederick Douglass  o Was a freed slave.  o He became one of the most famous intellectuals of his time, advising presidents and lecturing to  thousands on a range of causes, including women’s rights and Irish home rule.  Gettysburg (1863) o Was a total of 3 days  o Is referred to the turning point in the civil war   Lincoln's Gettysburg Address  o "A New Birth of Freedom"   The 13  Amendment (1865) o Ended slavery (4 million slaves were freed)  o Section 1: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof  the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction: o Section 2: "Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation"   The 15  Amendment  o Gave freed slaves the right to vote  o However, there are 2 problems with this Amendment:  Only gave the right to vote to men   Grandfather Clause: men could only vote if their grandfather could vote  o Section 1: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by  the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." o Section 2: "The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."  Susan B. Anthony  o Important woman in this time period.  o Veteran reformer with Elizabeth Cady Stanton who advocated, among other things, better  working conditions for labor, married women's property rights, liberalization of divorce laws,  and women's admission into colleges and trade schools.  o Founded the American Equal Rights Association in 1866 9/7/2016  Lobbied for "a government by the people, and the whole people; for the people and the  whole people."   "Black codes" o A new series of laws adopted across the South  o Jim Crow segragation  o Made a travesty of black freedom  o Sought to keep ex­slaves subordinate to whites by subjecting them to every sort of  discrimination.   Several states made it illegal for blacks to own a gun   Mississippi made insulting gestures and language by blacks a criminal offense   Barred blacks from jury duty   Not a single southern state granted any black the right to vote.   "Sharecropping" o Labor system that emerged in the South during reconstruction   Planters divided their plantations into small farms that freedmen rented, paying with a  share of each year's crop  Gave blacks some freedom, but they remained dependent on white landlords and county  merchants.


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