Immanuel Kant - Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
Immanuel Kant - Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals Phil 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by D'Angel Brooks on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 2010 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Edward Cox in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Immanuel Kant – Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals First Section: transition from the common rational knowledge or morality to the philosophical. Second Section: transition from popular moral philosophy to the metaphysic of morals. Third Section: final step from the metaphysic of morals to the critique of the pure practical reason. *Good will is not good because of what it performs or effects but because it is good in itself.* Virtues Someone with traditional virtues is not made morally better by them. A virtuous person combined with a bad will is only an effective villan. Golden Rule Positive Rule: therefore all things whatsoever ye men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets (Matthew 7:12). Negative Rule: one should never do that to another which one regards as injurious to one's own self (Hinduism). Problems with the Golden Rule: Subjective: Examples- Bob the masochist, Mary who hates to be helped Only provides duties to others, never to oneself Does not explain why you should follow it Kant's Analysis of Morality Only intention matters to morality of an action The only good intention is to act from duty Acting from duty means acting from respect for moral law Categorical Imperative – supreme principle of morality: o Act in a way that your rule for rule for acting can be willed as a universal law o Treat others as ends in themselves and never merely as means Good intentions The only thing that is intrinsically good is the intention to do good. Not consequences of action o Can have "good" consequences for bad reasons; "bad" consequences for good reasons The only good intention is to act from duty. It’s not enough just to watch to be good; one still must follow the correct rules. Acting from any motive other than duty is not morally good. Duty and Law Universality Test : o Maxim: I will lie when it is convenient o Universalized maxim: Everyone will lie when it is convenient Formulating of Ends (CI-2) Treating people as ends means willing laws from their perspectives as well as your own. o Means: way or method of bringing about a goal. o End: Thing that is valuable in itself (intrinsically). o Applies to all rational beings, not just humans. o It is acceptable to treat people as means but never merely as means.
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