Intelligence CONT PSYC 2010 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2010 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Intelligence: Ability or Abilities? Have you ever thought that since people's mental abilities are so diverse. It may be justifiable to label those abilities with only one word, intelligence. General Intelligence The idea that general intelligence exists comes from the work of Charles Sparman (1863-1945) who helped develop the factor analysis approach I statistics to many clusters that can be analyzed by factor analysis Vocabulary exams - paragraph comprehension exams - verbal intelligence Other factors includes a spatial ability factor, or a reasoning ability factor Types of Intelligence Gardner's 8 Frames of Mind Verbal: Think in words and use language to express meaning Mathematical Spatial: Think three-dimensionally Bodily-Kinesthetic: Manipulate objects and be physically adept Interpersonal: Understand and interact effectively with others Intrapersonal: Understand oneself Naturalist: Observe patterns in nature and understand natural and human mad systems Sternberg's Triarchic Theory Analytic Intelligence: Analyze, judge, evaluate, compare, and contrast Creative Intelligence: Create, design, invent, originate, and imagine Practical Intelligence: Use, apply, implement, and put ideas in to practice, "street smarts" Intelligence and Creativity Creativity is the ability to produce ideas that are both novel and valuable. It correlates somewhat with intelligence 1 Expertise: A well-developed knowledge base 2 Imaginative Thinking: The ability to see thinks in novel ways 3 A Venturesome Personality: A personality that seeks new experiences rather than following the pack 4 Intrinsic Motivation: A motivation to be creative from within 5 A Create Environment: A creative and supportive environment allows creativity to bloom Emotional Intelligence Emotional intelligence is the ability to perceive, understand, and use The test of emotional intelligence measures overall emotional intel and its four components 1 Perceive: Recognize emotions in faces, music, and stories 2 Understand: Predict emotions, how they change, and blend 3 Manage: Express emotions in different situations 4 Use: Utilize emotions to adapt or be creative How do we measure Intelligence Psychologist define intelligence testing as a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with other using numerical scores Alfred Binet and his colleague, Theodore Simon, developed intelligence questions that would redirect children's future progress in the Paris school system Lewis Terman, in the U.S., adapted Binet's test for American school children and named the test the Standford-Binet Test (1916). The following is the formula of Intelligence Quotient (IQ), introduced by William Stern: IQ = (mental age/ chronological age) x 100