Music as a world phenomenon- Week 5 notes
Music as a world phenomenon- Week 5 notes Mus 22121
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Notetaker on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Marjorie T. Rounds in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Music as a world phenomenon Week 5 The middle east- islam,iran Arabic, sufism, juadaism Background west asia and north Africa islam, Christianity, Judaism ancient civilizations influence on Europe Arabic, Turkish & Persian Non music vs. music koranic chant adhan-call to prayer pilgrimage chants (Hajj) Eulogy Chants and Chanted poetry Track 6, CD 2- Islamic “call to prayer” solo acapella, male (always male in this context) Melisma, not completely melismatic First impressions heightened speech- a cross between singing and speaking Aural Analysis melismatic male voice allah- god is great Cultural Considerations Muhammad mouthpiece of allah, prophet koran-written word Muslim- one who surrenders to God Mosque- temple of worship Mihrab- a window that faces east mecca The Ka’aba-place you must visit minaret-where the person doing the call to prayer would stand Muezzin- the person doing a call to prayer Islamic attitudes towards music legitimate music for worship or function Controversial art or entertainment non-islamic sacred music illegitimate sensual music haram Iran Dastgah for Santur and Voice Largely mountainous Persian, not Arabic predominantly Shi’a Muslim Theocracy since 1979 Track 8, CD 2 Santur- struck string instrument (know for exam) monophony female – melisma and syllabic free rhythm First Impressions Melancholy melisma Aural Analysis Santur Dastgah- precomposed music that’s treated with improv (like raga) Gusheh radif Cultural consideration schools of dastgah non-meter favored over meter classical underground Egypt-Takht Ensemble Pyramids and Pharoahs Suez Canal-1869- separated Egypt from the rest, created waterways Modern Era Track 9, CD 2-takht ensemble First impressions: graceful belly dance music Aural Analysis Takht melody: ud (plucked), kemanja(bowed string), kanun (plucked), ney (flute) Rhythm: riqq (tambourine), tablah (darabukka/dombak) (membrane) Cultural considerations Belly dance-female dancing Music evokes emotion Sufism- Dhikr Ceremony-Turkey Mystical branch of islam noted for their woolen (suf) robes most common in turkey and Pakistan monasteries and dervish (beggar) track 10, cd 2 zakirler-Sufi men’s chorus First Impressions spinning top vocal swirl vocal cry over hearty chant tavern/drinking song Aural analysis ney and takht instruments unison singing Followed by: melismatic chant in free rhythm deep, raspy “allah” chant Cultural considerations Dhikr- remembrance of God music as a spiritual ladder spiritual ecstasy (tarab)- oneness with allah whirling dervish
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