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History 1301, Republican Society Notes

by: Ruby Vargas

History 1301, Republican Society Notes 1301

Marketplace > University of Texas at El Paso > History > 1301 > History 1301 Republican Society Notes
Ruby Vargas

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2nd Lecture on the republican society .
History 1301: The Unites States to 1865
Melanie L. Rodriguez
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ruby Vargas on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1301 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Melanie L. Rodriguez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see History 1301: The Unites States to 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.


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Date Created: 09/29/16
Republican Society 1789: A Social Portrait  The Semisubsience Economy    ­Distribution of wealth The Commercial Economy ­Eastern areas tied to commerce ­Inequality of wealth The Constitution and   Commerce  ­Urban and rural Americans differed on the role of gov. in the economy .   US had 400 million people and every 20 years white population increased  (immigration played small role in increase of population.)  10,000 European immigrants   1789 Gov. started new operations  Some farmers lived off their own farm and labor  Women played key role, they made candles, soap, clothing, hats, etc  Americans in commercial economy benefited from a larger market in the world.  (lived on their own earnings) A Fractured Culture Colonial Culture ­ The Great Awakening and Enlightenment (only inter colonial culture moment) Revolutionary Culture ­Colonial divisions more prominent ­Intellectual and political elite began sharing continental perspective The Early U.S ­American Revolution did not re­order socio­economic hierarchy of society  The settlement in 18th century left America with different perspectives of  economical, political and social systems  Both,the Great Awakening and Enlightenment movement shared a few beliefs  American people were unwilling to sacrifice  individual self interest for the public  good  Intellectual members' active involvement in Congress gave many intellectuals a  continental perspective  Intellectual leaders (from the south,middle and north ) began sharing  common interests   The Declaration of Independence cannot create a coherent nation   Shay Rebellion 1786 = encouraged national gov. to be stronger  Whiskey rebellion 1794= National authority had not been solved by the adoption  of a fed.constitution , w/out a national culture, the U.S may fall apart Republicanism Strong among elite minority Emphasized the Civic Nature of Man ­Humanity achieved in active citizenship ­Sacrifice for common good ­Free males w/property could achieve civic virtue ­Feared corruption Intellectuals wanted a strong national culture to resist corruption and preserve   the U.S ­Attempts included: language reform, literature,education and identifying the other  Being an active citizen (white,male)=Civic Nature of Man  Learn to sacrifice own and local interests   Virtue in trouble,not because people were lazy and selfish, but also because the  gov.wanted to try and coordinate citizens (poor and rich)   Intellectuals had to declare who they were not Excluded Groups­Women Revolutionary War ­Responsible for farms business and households. The New Women of the Revolution ­Women excluded from politics (less submissive) Mary Wollstonecraft's Vindication ­Published in 1792 ­Called for educational reforms and equality laws  Women organized groups  Women became more confident in their abilities  Women should attained educations, like men to attain higher  career opportunities and even make them better wives/mother.(Wollstonecraft) Male Revolutionaries hostile to women equality ­Women=Weak to represent themselves ­"Seduction Literature" made women responsible for civic virtues Republican Motherhood and Education ­!780­1830 :Period of better schooling and literacy rates Women continued to be second­class citizens in legal terms ­Their social degradation legitimize free black inequality  Divorce made easier but still rare  Young women must reserve their sexual pureness   Women="most dangerous sex"  Women began attending university  Women served example as citizen who cannot vote or hold office. Excluded Groups­Slaves Revolutionary War: ­Slaves freed by war a threat to U.S society Slavery and Sectionalism ­Difficulty squaring republican ideals w/the continued presence of slavery. ­Most northern states began to abolish slavery­1st Emancipation ­Free black population grew in both the North and South ­Slavery continued in southern states Why Wasn't the Revolution more Revolutionary? Property the Key to  Independence ­Lacking property= women and black Americans were cosigned to custody of husband  and masters. ­Prejudice: Perception of women and blacks and naturally inferior beings View of Equality was Conservative ­Republicans' obsessed with rooting out vestiges of monarchy rather than "rising up the  bottom" of society Major Reforms ­Disestablishment of state­supported churches Class Discussion Notes: ­Civic Virtue ­concept of how Americans view culture: white men who are independent ­Women needed education because they are in charge of raising the next generation ­Women were in a contract with men (marriage) therefore, women had no rights. Articles:  Abigail Adams, "Republican Motherhood" ­Abigail sends letters to her son who had left to become a man of virtue.  ­Abigail tells her son to make her parents proud.  Mason Locke Weems, "The Life Of George Washington" ­George's father first wife passed and was remarried later on to a 16 years old girl.  (while Washington was 40) ­George is son of the second wife ­George was a good kid and his father told George to always be honest ­George, one day cut his father's cherry tree and when his upset father asked who had cut his  tree, George confessed. He was unable to lie. ­His father hugged George and was proud of him for not lying  Thomas Jefferson, "Notes on the State of Virginia, 1787" ­Jefferson, identifies himself as a "scientist", he studies the ways of Americans ­Jefferson justifies slavery based on physical, morals and politically. Physically­ Their skin color, and have different body functions that allows them  sustainable to work in harsh conditions.  Morally­ They are incapable of having a sentimental and sincere relationship with a  spouse, they just look for a partner for "eager desire" Politically­ They are not citizens because if they were, they would have the same rights  as those of the white. He also stated they are uneducated and compared to the Indians, the blacks  were incapable of being smart or creating art work such as carving or art work like  the Indians.


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