Intro to Sociology 1311-001
Intro to Sociology 1311-001 Soci 1311
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Montanez on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soci 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Jason Shelton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Deviance and Conformity Medical model- giving people drugs to medicalize them instead of trying to change their behavior Ex: ADHD, ADD Maybe the children haven’t changed, but the way that children are medically treated have changed (taking the easy way out by just giving them drugs) Media- does tv and music cause violence? BoBo Dolls- give different groups of children different cartoons to watch -innocent cartoons, somewhat violent cartoons, very violent cartoons -the more violent the cartoons are, the more violent the children act (what they watch affects their violence) Theories of crime and deviance These theories explain crime in the U.S. classic strain theory- by Robert Merton (1942) Strain- the pressure we feel when we believe that we can’t reach our financial or professional goals; addresses tensions between our personal goals and the reality of our social situation 2 parts of the theory: explaining strain & adaptations to strain Point 1: all Americans believe in the American dream Point 2: not all of us have an equal opportunity to achieve our American dreams Just because we have an American dream, doesn’t mean we are going to achieve it (causes strain) 5 ways that we adapt to living with strain: -conformity: what most people do; they are disappointed that they can’t reach their goal, but they do not commit crimes; they conform to our nations laws Ex: the A honor roll student in high school -innovation: the most deviant; the person that believes in the American dream but finds an illegal way to achieve the American dream; creative and innovative Ex: cheaters in high school (not doing their own work), Al Capone (he found a way to sell alcohol when it was prohibited), drug dealers, con artists, cheating on your taxes -ritualism: a person who no longer believes in the American dream, but they still get up to go to work; they do not commit a crime; they are deviant because people are supposed to believe in the American dream and in a better tomorrow Ex: person that goes to class but doesn’t try to do well in school -retreatism: a person who has dropped out of society, no longer believes in the American dream and doesn’t work for it anymore; may not be committing a crime either Ex: high school dropouts, a homeless person, reclusive person, drug addicts -rebellionism: the person that wants to change society Ex: columbine high school shooters 9/30/2016 3. there are more police in minority communities, they don’t want the crime to spread to the nice communities 4. different penalties for the same crime, blacks and latinos are far more likely to get the death penalty than a white person for the same crime race is a clear difference in terms of the penalties for crimes Society places a stigma (or labels) individuals in ways that help them create more deviance -primary deviance vs secondary deviance Labeling theory- makes it hard for people who commit crimes and go to jail to get their lives together and get back on their feet, society doesn’t give these people a second chance Primary deviance: a person who commits a crime but doesn’t see themselves as a bad person Secondary deviance: (I’m a bad guy and I will rob you again tomorrow) a person that sees themselves as a criminal Primary deviance leads to secondary deviance Differential association theory -developed by Edwin Sutherland (1940s) -who you hang out with affects you -what goes on in your immediate environment determines what you will become involved in Ex: your mom telling you to hang out with the good kids instead of the bad kids Social control theory -asks: why do you follow the rules? -why do we make the decisions that we do? -very popular during the 1970s and 1980s Internal (self) control- addiction, your super ego, the thought processes inside of us -some people have more self-control than others External control- things that are outside of us that have a degree of control of us Ex: religion, the threat of going to prison, family pressure - You are less likely to commit a crime if you have strong levels of internal control and strong levels of external control Crime- any violation of a legal norm Property crime- most crime that happens in the U.S. Ex: burglary, theft, vandalism, taking something that doesn’t belong to you Violent crimes- murder, rape, assault, domestic abuse (when your life is threatened or you in danger) The U.S. has the highest crime rate than any other country Every 33 minutes, a murder happens in the United States Victimless/Public Order- illegal gambling, prostitution, illegal drug use Since these crimes don’t involve a clear-cut victim, most people feel less threatened by them
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