Soc 101: Week 6 Notes
Soc 101: Week 6 Notes Soc 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Miguel Centellas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Chapter 6 Deviance and Crime Deviance Shifting Definitions of Deviance o What is thought to be deviant varies from one time period to another, from one geographic location to another, and from one group to another. Divorce used to be considered deviant, but is now quite normal. Smoking cigarettes used to be normal, but is now considered deviant. Global Flows and Deviance o Definitions of deviance flow easily from society to society. o People defined as deviant can move around the world quickly and easily. Deviance and Popular Culture Theories of Deviance Structural/Functional o Emphasizes that deviance always exists, and that it serves a social function; it helps groups clarify norms Conflict/Critical o Emphasis on how deviance is related to socioeconomic inequalities; those in power tend to define behaviors as normal or deviant Inter/Actionist o Emphasis on ways deviance is learned (socialization) and performed (how people “do” deviance) Robert K. Morton’s Deviance Typology Institutionalized Means Accept CulturalReject AcConformity Innovation Reject Ritualism Retreatism New Means New Goals Rebellion Inter/Actionist Theories Labeling o Social control – the process by which a group or society enforces conformity to its demands and expectations o Rule creators – elite members of society who devise its rules, norms, and laws o Rule enforcers – those who threaten to or actually do sanction the rule violators o Moral entrepreneurs – individuals who define an act as a moral outrage and advocate to have it defined as deviant and made illegal Moral Panics o Disproportionate reaction to deviance Think about the Salem Witch Trials Stigmas o A person’s characteristic that others find, define, and label as unusual, unpleasant, or deviant What do you think? What is the relationship between inequality and crime? Poor people are more likely to commit crime and are more likely to be in the criminal justice system because they have no other means to succeed. o Think of Les Miserables Elite people can get away with crime because they are wealthy. Those who are in power are the ones making the rules. Is crime normal? Crime has become normalized through the media. Think of television shows such as Law and Order or NCIS. When is a riot not a riot? If you aren’t upsetting the status quo, then it’s not considered a riot. For example, think about when Ole Miss beat Bama and we took down the goal post and paraded through the town with it. It wasn’t considered a riot. Race is taken into account when making this distinction. Important Fact: 22% of the world’s prisoners are in the United States.
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