Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 5 Notes
Introduction to Public Health 205 Week 5 Notes PBH205
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsey Notetaker on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PBH205 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Dr. Jin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public Health in Public Health at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Introduction to Public Health-Week 5 Notes (September 26, 2016) Chapter 8: The Role o Data in Public Health Key to my notes: all notes that are taken from the lecture will be the first section, notes I take from the textbook will be the second section, and the vocabulary words from the chapter with definitions will be the last sections! (: Lecture Notes Public health professions have to take statistics to help find out the health of the overall community They use the local records to help gain knowledge o Birth certificates o Death certificates o Notifiable disease o Other important documents like marriage certificates They also gain knowledge through surveys and state governments Every 10 years a census takes place in America to use as the denominator for a lot of public health statistics o Sometimes people get miscounted or they get double counted so it’s not a 100% accurate Everything is kept confidential unless it is an extreme circumstance o The person was exposed to a disease o They have a notifiable disease that HAS to be reported o If someone wishes to gain the information, they have to go through a lot of people to make a case to see if it is an acceptable reason Textbook Notes Statistics are the base line of public health to see what the issue is and if the policies are working or not The two main centers that collect data from states is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and National Center for health Statistics (NCHS) A lot of their information comes from birth and death certificates o Birth certificates are generally more accurate because the mother is the one reporting first hand, but with death certificates it often gets reported not as accurately depending how well the person reporting knew the one who had died For statistics, it is important to make sure that you know the population that is being looked at and if you’re comparing two different statistics to each other, they are in the same category Introduction to Public Health-Week 5 Notes (September 26, 2016) o Examples such as people of the same age group, race and ethnicity, gender With the census, more often than not, people get countered twice or people get miscounted o In 2010, they think they missed 10 million people for the census and counted 36,000 people twice They take surveys often to help keep updated of new possible risk factors When surveys ask the people to self report on themselves, sometimes it is unreliable because people don’t report the 100% truth Although people want less government and to cut back on data collection, it is not beneficial because it will cause public health professions to lack data and they might not be able to catch an epidemic before it starts The statistics have to do with what is reported and how the person taking the data is reporting it There are uncertainty with reporting, even with births and deaths o They are not doing autopsies on the dead anymore Everything is kept confidential when taking the information Vocabulary Words Note: These are in order as they showed up in the chapter, not in alphabetical Statistics: as a scientific discipline or method, a way of gathering and analyzing data to extract information, seek causation, and calculate probabilities Notifiable Disease: a disease that the law requires to be reported to public health authorities as part of the public health surveillance system
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