Social Psychology Week 6
Social Psychology Week 6 PSY 3310
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annah Shrader on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 3310 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by David Frank Ross (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Social Psychology 9/29/16 On Love In 1978 Zick Ruben tried to measure love by coming up with a scale. He had couples fill out questionnaires and he found that people felt the same way about their friends that they do about their lovers, except for the lover there was a unique component known as intimacy. He brought couples into a waiting room before they took the questionnaires, and he videotaped them before the experiment began. He was paying attention to the amount of time they shared eye contact. The more time they spent looking into each other's eyes the better they scored on love. He defined love with three components: Caring: feeling that another person's satisfactions are as important as your own. Attachment: the need to be with the other. Intimacy: a link or bond between two people. It is a confidentiality between the partners. Another lady defined 7 components of friendships: 1. Enjoying the company of another 2. Acceptance 3. Trust 4. Respect 5. Confiding 6. Understanding 7. Spontaneity She defined love as all of the above plus: 1. Passion: fascination, exclusiveness, sexual desire. 2. Caring: giving the upmost and advocate Two types of love: Passionate love: the initial feelings of falling in love. Arousal and desire. Decreases over time on average. Companionate love: this comes with time, and increases with time. Experiences that are positive and negative and living through them. Building a history with someone. Robert Sternberg came up with the triangle theory of love: the three components are mixed around to create different types: Intimacy: closeness, confiding. Passion: arousal, desire. Commitment: Exclusivity and loyalty a decision to remain together. 8 Types of love: Non-love: absence of all three Liking: intimacy only Infatuation: Passion only Empty love: commitment only Romantic love: only intimacy and passion Companionate love: Only intimacy and commitment. Stupid love: only passion and commitment. Consummate: all three Most modern view of love: The Attachment model: around the age of 6 to 8 months we form our first primary attachment to our primary caregivers. This is a critical period of forming attachment. By measuring the quality of attachment with mothers in that critical period is reflective of the quality of attachment to the lover. Mary Ainsworth did research on infant attachment. She brings infants into the room with strangers. She is looking for the child's reaction when the mother leaves. If the infant has a healthy attachment with mom, it'll cry but will stop because it trusts the mother to come back 62% of infants are securely attached. If the infant cries without stopping, it shows that the infant is overly attached or is resistant. They are so dependent on mom and their emotions are so out of control that they cannot physically calm down. The overly attached are about 15% If the infant does not cry at all, the infant is avoidant. They don't care whether mom is in the room or not. They have given up on mom and are emotionally shutting down. These are about 23% of infants. *The best intervention is to immediately treat the problem. * Important side note: People can change their category through forms of improved attachment. Attachment in adulthood is reflective of the infant studies. Cindy found that adults showed roughly the same percentages as the infants for forms of attachment. The people in the study had different definitions of love according to whether or not they were in secure attachment or insecure. Insecure types had negative definitions and views of love. The memory of attachment with the caregiver is more negative with the insecurely attached folks. Longitudinal studies were done over infant attachment developing into adulthood attachment and evidence was found that they definitely predict one another. Study that the same parts of our brain that is activated in love is the same that is activated when taking cocaine. Divorce: America has one of the highest divorce rates. 50% of marriages are likely to end in divorce in America. Review: To have an emotion you have to have physical arousal and then you have to have cognition/labeling. Two factor theory of passionate love: Arousal and Cognition, just like emotions. She developed the passionate love scale on our outlines. People in abusive relationships will keep returning to them. Videos: A letter from Fred part 1 Helen fisher the brain in love
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