ARH 252, Week 5 Notes
ARH 252, Week 5 Notes ARH 252
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aaliyah.G on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 252 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mary K. Benefield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
252 CHAPTER 4 NOTES Many small figurines of naked women with their arms folded over their stomachs were found in the Cyclades Islands. o Very schematic, geometric, angular and thin o Figures found in graves buried on their backs o Breast, belly and pubic area emphasized o Believed to represent dead women or fertility figures or goddesses Cycladic figurines believed to be funerary offerings. All male figurines were depicted as musicians. o Figurines rounded out (opposite of women figurines) o Heads usually tilted toward the sky o Possibly meant to entertain the deceased Knossos was the largest Cretan palace and home of King Minos. o Built with a complex, mazelike floor plan o Built up to five stories high in some areas Minoan columns are recognizable by their tapering shape and rounded capital. In Minoan paintings, genders are represented by skin color. o Women have fair skin o Men have dark skin Minoans introduced the pottery wheel which led to the Kamares Ware jar. o Created with a bulbous shape and a lip at the top o Polychromatic vase Usually red and cream painted on a black background o Typically depicted everyday life Tiryns was a fortified palace (citadel). o Built with thick, defensive walls o Only one main entrance o Contained a megaron (king’s throne room) The Lion Gate is a gateway to Mycenae. o A corbeled arch is used above the lintel of the Lion Gate o Protects the tholos tombs (beehiveshaped tombs) The Mycenaean practiced the art of placing death masks over the faces of the dead which is reminiscent of the Egyptians. o Deceased represented with their eyes closed o Masks are made by hammering out metal to look like the deceased (repousse) Inlaid daggers found in Grave Circle A demonstrate the wealth and warlike nature of the Mycenaean kings.