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Government and Politics: Political Parties - Class Notes

by: Artur Notetaker

Government and Politics: Political Parties - Class Notes POS2041 American National Government

Marketplace > St Petersburg College > Politics and Government > POS2041 American National Government > Government and Politics Political Parties Class Notes
Artur Notetaker
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About this Document

Everything that the Prof. went through during his lecture on political parties.
American National Government
ProfessorDean S. Ratty
Class Notes
american, americangovernment, political science, American Government, Politics, politicalparties




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Artur Notetaker on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS2041 American National Government at St Petersburg College taught by ProfessorDean S. Ratty in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Politics and Government at St Petersburg College.

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Date Created: 09/29/16
Political Parties Chairman/vice County Central Committee (Political Parties): Ward (Executive Board), State Legislative District, Precinct (Congressional Districts), Conventions- Platforms, by laws Chairman/vice State Central Committee: Executive Board, State Committee man/woman, Paid Staff (notional)-Ex Dir-Comm Dir-Pol Dir- Finance Dir, Conventions platforms, by laws. Chairman/vice National Committee: Executive Board, National Committee man/woman, paid staff, conventions, platforms(philosophy), by laws. Political Parties: To win elections. Do not run for political campaigns. Precinct: State establishes (State Law), to control Committee People Political Party: A group of persons who seek to control government by winning elections and holding public office. Single Member districts: A voting district in which only one candidate is elected to each office on the ballot. Plurality: The largest number of votes cast for an elected office; this number does not have to be a majority of all votes cast. Bipartisan: approach to policy making in which the two major parties find common ground on an issue. Consensus: General Agreement among different groups on an issue. Coalition: A temporary alliance of several groups who join to form a working majority in a multiparty system. What do Political Parties: Political parties are groups of people who govern by nominating candidates, gaining public support, and winning elections. -Nominate Candidates -Inform and inspire supporters -Encourage good behavior among members -Govern once in office -Perform oversight on government actions Parties inform the public and try to shape public opinion, using all forms of media to campaign for or against opposing candidates and policy issues. Parties nominate, find, recruit, prepare, and gather public support for-qualified political candidates. Parties express the will of the people in government. They can also encourage unity by modifying conflicting views. Minor Parties: Minor Parties have publicized ke social and economic issues and occasionally played a spoiler role in presidential elections. Party Organization: Parties are decentralized, relying on party committees and chairpersons to direct activities at each level of government with considerable independence. Three Elements that make up a political Party: -Party Organization: The party professionals who run the party at all levels by contributing time, money, and skill. -Party in government: Includes the candidates and officeholders who serve at all levels of government. -Party in the electorate: The millions of voters who identify strongly with a particular party and support its policies. Two Pary System: -The republican and democratic parties dominate american politics. Only the candidates from the two major parties have a chance to win most elections. The framers opposed political parties. They saw parties as factions that caused disunity and conflict. George Washington warned against the dangers of parties. Tradition Once established, parties became part of tradition. The nature of the election process supports the two-party system. Nearly all American elections take place in single-member districts--only the one candidate who wins the largest number of votes gets elected to office. This works against third-party candidates, who have little chance of finishing in the top two. In Textbook; Page 249 - Policies of Selected American Third Parties Since 1864 Democrats: Coalition of labor, plus racial and ethnic minorities; urban Least educated plus well educated voters Social programs Increased government intervention in economy Supports government regulation of business Republicans: Business interests, white evangelicals; rural Supports private marketplace Ethic of self-reliance Limited government. The Federalist Party: Formed by supporters of the Constitution. -They wanted a ​stronger national government​ and policies that helped financial, commercial, and manufacturing interests. -Alexander Hamilton and John Adams were key representatives. Democratic- Republican Party (Anti-Federalist): Opposing the Federalists. -They wanted a ​more limited national government, ​ with policies aimed at helping farmers, planters, labor, and small business. Key leaders such as Thomas Jefferson and James Madison favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution. Era of the Republicans -The Republican Party won 14 of 18 presidential elections from 1860 to 1932 -The civil war crippled the Democrats. ALl their powers was concentrated in the South, Which they controlled for roughly 100 years after Reconstruction ended. -The Republican dominated nationally. They had the support of farmers, laborers, business and financial interests, and freed African Americans. The Republicans benefited from years of economic prosperity. End of the Republican Era: The Republican lost the presidency in 1912 largely due to a third party candidate. Former Republican Theodore Roosevelt ran as a member of the new Progressive Party and Split the Republican vote, helping Democrat Woodrow Wilson win. The Democrats won 7 out of 9 presidential elections from 1932 to 1968. Political Parties Today: Typically newly elected Presidents has a “Coattail” effect that brings other candidates from their party to congress. In recent years, this has not been the case. Minor Parties Ideological Parties: Parties based on a particular set of social, economic, and political beliefs. Single-Issue Parties: Parties focused on only one public policy issue. Economic Protest Parties: Splinter Parties: Minor Party Influence: Minor Parties can also play a spoiler role. By winning electoral votes or even enough popular votes to affect the outcome in a key state, a minor party can affect the outcome of an election. Constitutional Provisions: -US Constitution Article 1 Sections 2, 4 Article 2 -US Constitution Amendment #10 -Provisions in various state constitutions -Provisions in various county charters -Provisions in state and county party by laws -Dual hats (legal and political) Functions Precinct Committee Persons -Have a legal statutory responsibility as provided by the state legislature. -Act as party reps to election departments during elections. -Precincts are householded -May be presidential voters. Why has the Two Party System Endured: -Historical foundation of the two party system -Political socialization and practical considerations -Winner-take-all electoral system -State and federal laws favoring two-party system Exam: Write Two Essays Essay 1: Use 10 key Terms, 5 Key Terms from the book with page numbers where they are located in the book, 5 key terms fro the class lecture notes, highlite or underline each term Essay 2: Use 10 Key terms, 5 key terms from the book with page numbers where they are located in the book. 5 key terms from the class lecture notes, highlite or unerline each term.


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