Musical Instruments and Elements
Musical Instruments and Elements MUS 127-007
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sara Rice on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 127-007 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Professor Timothy Harris in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Intro Into Listening in Music at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Musical Instruments and Basic Elements Types of Instruments (Families) Voice (soprano, mezzo soprano, alto, tenor, baritone, bass) Strings Woodwinds Brasses Percussion Keyboard Electronic String Instruments Plucked o Guitar o Harp Bowed o Violin o Viola o Cello o Double bass o Articulations (pizzicato vs. arco) Woodwinds Flute/piccolo Oboe/English horn Clarinet/bass clarinet Bassoon/contrabassoon Saxophone Brasses Trumpet French horn Trombone Euphonium/baritone Tuba Percussion: Pitched or Unpitched? Definite Pitch o Timpani o Bells (glockenspiel/ chimes) o Marimba o Xylophone o Vibraphone Indefinite Pitch o Drums (brass, snare) o Triangle o Tambourine o Cymbals o Gong o Bongos/congas Keyboards Strings are plucked or struck with a hammer on some (piano, harpsichord) Others have pipes, through which air is pushed through when the key Is pressed (organs) Important Instrument Categories Aerophones – all kinds of wind instruments Chordophones – all kinds of stringed instruments Membranophones – Drums with a membrane (drum head) stretched across all or part of the instrument Idiophones – solid instruments struck, shaken, rubbed, etc., for sound Important Elements to Know Pitch – higher/lower sounds/frequencies Rhythm – durations and metrical placement Melody Harmony Musical staff (5 lines, 4 spaces) Key – major/minor